Barred Eagle-Owl (Bubo sumatranus)

Barred Eagle-Owl

[order] STRIGIFORMES | [family] Strigidae | [latin] Bubo sumatranus | [authority] Raffles, 1822 | [UK] Barred Eagle-Owl | [FR] Grand-duc bruyant | [DE] – | [ES] Buho Malayo | [NL] Maleise Oehoe


Monotypic species


Members of the genus Bubo are the largest of the owls. Heavily built with powerful talons they are recognisable by their size, their prominent ear-tufts, and their eyes that vary in colour from yellow to brown but are frequently vivid orange. The genus, including the Asian fish owls of the genus Ketupa – now believed to be part of Bubo – comprises of 20 species ranging Eurasia, Indonesia, Africa and the Americas. DNA evidence suggests that the Snowy Owls of Nyctea and the fish owls of Scotopelia are also candidates for inclusion in this genus.

Physical charateristics

Smallish Eagle Owl with very conspicuous long eartufts directed sideways, Facial disk whitish, tufts dark brown, marked white. Dark brown above, barred rufous buff. Tail widely barred; underparts greyish white. Breast rufous barred brown. Iris dark brown.

Listen to the sound of Barred Eagle-Owl

[audio: Eagle-Owl.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 40 cm size max.: 46 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 2  


Oriental Region : Malay Peninsula, Greater Sundas


Barred eagle-owls feed on large insects such as grasshoppers and beetles, along with small rodents, birds, and snakes.


Pairs are thought to mate for life and may return to the same nest site year after year, often a natural tree cavity. Clutch size 1 egg.

Feeding habits

Tropical forests intersected by streams, secondary growth, plantations, and forested gardens

Video Barred Eagle-Owl


copyright: J. del Hoyo


This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Barred Eagle-Owl status Least Concern



Distribution map

Barred Eagle-Owl distribution range map

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