Turquoise-fronted Amazon (Amazona aestiva)

Turquoise-fronted Amazon

Turquoise-fronted Amazon

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Amazona aestiva | [authority] Linnaeus, 1758 | [UK] Turquoise-fronted Amazon | [FR] Amazone a front bleu | [DE] Rotbug-Amazone | [ES] Loro Hablador (Arg, Bo), Amazona Frentiazul | [NL] Blauwvoorhoofdamazone | [copyright picture] Snowmanradio


Monotypic species


Amazon parrot is the common name for a parrot of the genus Amazona. These are medium-size parrots native to the New World ranging from South America to Mexico and the Caribbean. Most Amazon parrots are predominantly green, with accenting colors that depend on the species and can be quite vivid. They have comparatively short, somewhat square, tails. Just like the other parrots, amazons have four toes on each foot, two pointing forwards and two pointing backward. They feed primarily on seeds, nuts, and fruits, supplemented by leafy matter. Almost everywhere in the lowlands of tropical and subtropical America, the savannas, grassy openings in the forest, and roadsides are frequented by flocks of very small finches with short and thick bills, which feed on the seeds of grasses. In the genus Sporophila, the males are clad in black, black and white, or black and chestnut, while the dull females are olive or buff. Often the same species shows pronounced variation in plumage from region to region.

Physical charateristics

Like many Amazona species, the plumage is mainly green, with a largely yellow face, and a blue frontal band, as well as red speculum. There are two subspecies, and these differ most obviously in the color of the smaller wing coverts, red in the nominate race, and yellow (and forming a more extensive patch) in the southwestern subspecies.

Listen to the sound of Turquoise-fronted Amazon

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/PSITTACIFORMES/Psittacidae/sounds/Turquoise-fronted Amazon.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

recorded by Joao Menezes

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 37 cm size max.: 40 cm
incubation min.: 23 days incubation max.: 25 days
fledging min.: 58 days fledging max.: 60 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 5  


South America : Central. Found from northeast Brazil south to Bolivia, Paraguay, and northern Argentina


Found in range of wooded habitats and open country with trees. Up to 1600m (5248 ft) in E Bolivia. Seen in communal roosts; found in pairs or flocks of several dozen birds. Sometimes seen quite close to human habitation.


The Turquoise-fronted Amazon nests in tree cavities. The oval eggs are white and measure around 38 x 30 mm. There are usually three to five in a clutch. The female incubates the eggs for about 27 days and the chicks leave the nest about 60 days after hatching

Feeding habits

Takes fruit and seeds from wide variety of plants and trees

Video Turquoise-fronted Amazon


copyright: Max Roth


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Turquoise-fronted Amazon status Least Concern



Distribution map

Turquoise-fronted Amazon distribution range map

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