Tres Marias Amazon (Amazona tresmariae)

Tres Marias Amazon

Tres Marias Amazon

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Amazona tresmariae | [authority] Spix, 1824 | [UK] Tres Marias Amazon | [FR] Amazone des Tres Marias | [DE] Gelbkopfamazone-tresmariae | [ES] Amazona Real | [NL] Tres-Marias amazone


Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Amazona tresmariae MA Tres Marias Is, Mexico


Amazon parrot is the common name for a parrot of the genus Amazona. These are medium-size parrots native to the New World ranging from South America to Mexico and the Caribbean. Most Amazon parrots are predominantly green, with accenting colors that depend on the species and can be quite vivid. They have comparatively short, somewhat square, tails. Just like the other parrots, amazons have four toes on each foot, two pointing forwards and two pointing backward. They feed primarily on seeds, nuts, and fruits, supplemented by leafy matter. Almost everywhere in the lowlands of tropical and subtropical America, the savannas, grassy openings in the forest, and roadsides are frequented by flocks of very small finches with short and thick bills, which feed on the seeds of grasses. In the genus Sporophila, the males are clad in black, black and white, or black and chestnut, while the dull females are olive or buff. Often the same species shows pronounced variation in plumage from region to region.

Physical charateristics

Head and throat are entirely yellow. Upperparts all green. Underparts are green but more yellowish than upperparts. Thighs yellow. Primaries and secondaries green, becoming violet-blue towards tip. Carpal edge yellow. Red speculum on base of outer five secondaries. Bend of wing pale red, with some yellow. The tail is green, tipped with yellowish green. Lateral rectrices basally marked with red on inner web and outermost feathers edged with blue. Legs are pale grey. Iris is orange. The bill is horn coloured, grey towards base of upper mandible. Cere: Dark grey. Immature: Head entirely green, except for yellow patch on forehead. Bend of wing green. Carpal edge yellowish green.

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 35 cm size max.: 38 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 4  


Middle America : Tres Marias Islands, Mexico


Deciduous or evergreen forest, clearings, savanna woodland, Pinus woodlands on ridges, dense gallery woodland; less commonly in dry thorn forest, mangroves or coastal swamp forest and cultivated areas with scattered trees.


They nest in holes in tree trunks or fallen branches.

Feeding habits

Reported to consume buds, new leaves, palm fruits, Acacia seeds, Macuna fruits, figs and some cultivated crops.

Video Tres Marias Amazon


copyright: Youtube


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Normally considered a subspecies of Amazona ochrocephala
Tres Marias Amazon status Least Concern


Resident throughout range

Distribution map

Tres Marias Amazon distribution range map

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