Golden-olive Woodpecker (Piculus rubiginosus)

Golden-olive Woodpecker

[order] PICIFORMES | [family] Picidae | [latin] Piculus rubiginosus | [UK] Golden-olive Woodpecker | [FR] Pic or-olive | [DE] Olivmantel-Specht | [ES] Carpintero Dorado Olivo | [NL] Olijfrugspecht


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Colaptes rubiginosus LA Mexico to Guyana, nw Peru and nw Argentina
Colaptes rubiginosus aeruginosus e Mexico
Colaptes rubiginosus alleni n Colombia
Colaptes rubiginosus buenavistae e Colombia and e Ecuador
Colaptes rubiginosus canipileus c and se Bolivia
Colaptes rubiginosus chrysogaster c Peru
Colaptes rubiginosus coloratus se Ecuador to nc Peru
Colaptes rubiginosus deltanus Delta Amacuro (ne Venezuela)
Colaptes rubiginosus guianae e Venezuela and w Guyana
Colaptes rubiginosus gularis c and w Colombia
Colaptes rubiginosus meridensis nw Venezuela
Colaptes rubiginosus nigriceps s Guyana and s Suriname
Colaptes rubiginosus paraquensis sc Venezuela
Colaptes rubiginosus rubiginosus nc and ne Venezuela
Colaptes rubiginosus rubripileus sw Colombia, w Ecuador and nw Peru
Colaptes rubiginosus tobagensis Tobago
Colaptes rubiginosus trinitatis Trindad
Colaptes rubiginosus tucumanus s Bolivia and nw Argentina
Colaptes rubiginosus viridissimus tepuis of se Venezuela
Colaptes rubiginosus yucatanensis s Mexico to w Panama

Physical charateristics

Adults have mainly golden olive upperparts with some barring on the tail. The forecrown is grey, and the hindcrown red. The face is yellowish-white, while the underparts are barred black and yellowish. The bill is black. Adult males have a red moustachial stripe which is lacking in the female. Wings golden olive with dull black primaries

Listen to the sound of Golden-olive Woodpecker

[audio: Woodpecker.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 18 cm size max.: 23 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 23 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 4  


Latin America : Mexico to Guyana, Northwest Peru and Northwest Argentina


Inhabits a wide variety of habitats from very moist to dry forests and more open woodland. Mostly found in riverine mountanous areas.


Nest is an excavated hole in a dead Two or three white eggs are laid in a nest hole in a dead or live tree, 1-18 meter up. Clutch size is 2-4 eggs, incubated by both sexes in long sessions each. The young are fed by regurgitation during long intervals, mostly by male. Young fledge after about 24 days.

Feeding habits

Golden-olive Woodpeckers mainly eat insects, including ants, ermites and beetle larvae which are caught by wood boring and some fruit and berries. Forages often single but sometimes in pairs in the subcanopy of tall forest, most often seen in open spaces. Does not descent to ground.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Golden-olive Woodpecker status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Golden-olive Woodpecker distribution range map

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *