Crimson-crested Woodpecker (Campephilus melanoleucos)

Crimson-crested Woodpecker

[order] PICIFORMES | [family] Picidae | [latin] Campephilus melanoleucos | [UK] Crimson-crested Woodpecker | [FR] Pic des Malherbe | [DE] Schwarzkehl-Specht | [ES] Picamaderos | [NL] Zwartkeelspecht


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Campephilus melanoleucos SA widespread, also Panama
Campephilus melanoleucos cearae e and s Brazil
Campephilus melanoleucos malherbii w Panama to n and c Colombia
Campephilus melanoleucos melanoleucos Colombia to the Guianas, south to Bolivia, Paraguay and ne Argentina

Physical charateristics

Adults are black above, with a red crest and white lines down the sides of the black throat and shoulders, which meet in a V on the back. The underparts are white, heavily barred with black. They show white on the wings in flight. Adult males have a red line from the bill to the throat and red on the front of the crown which in females are black.

Listen to the sound of Crimson-crested Woodpecker

[audio: Woodpecker.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 33 cm size max.: 38 cm
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South America : also Panama


Found in almost every habitat with large dead trees, except urban areas.


Nest excavaed in dead tree with large diameter oval shaped opening (45-50 cm). Competes with aracaris over nest usage. Clutch size 2-3 eggs, incubated by both parents; stints of about 30 minutes. Young remain with parents almost the duration of the breeding season.

Feeding habits

They mainly eat insects, including beetle larvae, with some berries.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Crimson-crested Woodpecker status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Crimson-crested Woodpecker distribution range map

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