Lesser Elaenia (Elaenia chiriquensis)

Lesser Elaenia

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Tyrannidae | [latin] Elaenia chiriquensis | [UK] Lesser Elaenia | [FR] elenie menue | [DE] Grauwangen-Olivtyrann | [ES] Fiofio Belicoso | [IT] Elenia di Chiriqui | [NL] Kleine Elenia


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Elaenia chiriquensis LA Costa Rica to ne Argentina
Elaenia chiriquensis albivertex
Elaenia chiriquensis brachyptera
Elaenia chiriquensis chiriquensis

Physical charateristics

Lesser Elaenia is easily confused since it has no obvious fieldmark. It is slightly crested and sometimes shows a white crown. It has a narrow white eye-ring and 2 whitish wing-bars.

Listen to the sound of Lesser Elaenia

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/L/Lesser Elaenia.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 13 cm size max.: 14 cm
incubation min.: 14 days incubation max.: 15 days
fledging min.: 15 days fledging max.: 16 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  


It is found in Argentina, Aruba, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Netherlands Antilles, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela.


Its natural habitats are dry savanna, subtropical or tropical dry shrubland, subtropical or tropical seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, and heavily degraded former forest


Nest is a small cup lined with feathers, built 1-4 meter up in bush or tree. Clutch size is 2 eggs, incubated by female for about 14 days, but fed by both parents. Young fledge after about 16 days. Sometimes 2 broods.

Feeding habits

Forages at eyelevel, mostly in open land but in foliage for insects and small berries. Perch gleans for insects.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 7,200,000 km

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