White-tipped Quetzal (Pharomachrus fulgidus)

White-tipped Quetzal

[order] TROGONIFORMES | [family] Trogonidae | [latin] Pharomachrus fulgidus | [authority] Gould, 1838 | [UK] White-tipped Quetzal | [FR] Quetzal brillant | [DE] Glanztrogon | [ES] Quetzal Fulgido | [NL] Sante marta-quetzal


Monotypic species


Quetzals are strikingly colored birds in the trogon family (Trogonidae). They are found in forests and woodlands, especially in humid highlands, with the five species from the genus Pharomachrus being exclusively Neotropical, while the single Euptilotis species is almost entirely restricted to western Mexico (marginally also in adjacent U.S. states). A striking aspect of this genus is their iridescent coloration. In the genus Pharomachrus the melanin is organized in platelets, while in Apaloderma, Galbula, Harpactes, and Trogon the granules are round and hollow. The granules are of a different pattern which constitutes the Quetzal’s beautiful colors.

Physical charateristics

Male has yellow bill golden-green head, glossy green upperparts and breast. Lower parts mainly reddish. Innertail white with black edge. Female duller and with darker bill.

Listen to the sound of White-tipped Quetzal

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/TROGONIFORMES/Trogonidae/sounds/White-tipped Quetzal.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 32 cm size max.: 33 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  


South America : North Venezuela, North Colombia. It is found in Venezuela, Colombia, and Guyana. In Venezuela and Colombia, three separated ranges occur, all contiguous and on the northern coasts.


Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist montane forests.


Nest is old tree cavity or old Woodpecker nest. No further data.

Feeding habits

Fruit and insects. Sallies for prey and berrries.

Video White-tipped Quetzal


copyright: Keith Blomerley


Although this species may have a restricted range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
White-tipped Quetzal status Least Concern


Presumed sedentary

Distribution map

White-tipped Quetzal distribution range map

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