Narina Trogon (Apaloderma narina)

Narina Trogon

[order] TROGONIFORMES | [family] Trogonidae | [latin] Apaloderma narina | [authority] Stephens, 1815 | [UK] Narina Trogon | [FR] Couroucou narina | [DE] Narinatrogon | [ES] Trogon de Narina | [NL] Narina-trogon


Monotypic species


Apaloderma is a genus of African birds in the Trogonidae family. The African species are considered the original species of Trogons. Espinosa De Los Monteros (1991) states that the idea of a Neotropical origin is not supported. Instead, an African origin for trogons seems a reasonable conclusion, with the New World representing a secondary center of radiation for the Trogoniformes. Another aspect of difference between the African and Asian and Netropical species is their coloration, the African are less iridescent because the feathers have a diffenret (less complex) structure.

Physical charateristics

Both sexes have vivid, gingery green upperpart plumage. The tail feathers have a metallic blue-green gloss. The outer three rectices on each side are tipped and fringed white, giving the undertail of perched birds a characteristic white appearance (compare Bar-tailed Trogon). The wing coverts are a grizzled grey, and remiges mostly colourless grey. The male especially, has bright amaranth red underside plumage and bare, green gape and eye flanges. The female has a brown face and chest, blue skin orbiting eyes and duller red plumage below. Immature birds resemble females, but have distinct white tips to the tertials, and less distinct gape and eye flanges.

Listen to the sound of Narina Trogon

[audio: Trogon.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 30 cm size max.: 32 cm
incubation min.: 16 days incubation max.: 21 days
fledging min.: 25 days fledging max.: 28 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 4  


Africa : widespread


Mid-altitude rainforests, gallery forests, savanna, and woodlands.


They nest in a tree hollow in which both sexes incubate or brood. Monogamous. Breeds year-round continent-wide, but primarily in spring and summer; nests in unlined natural cavities; lays one to four eggs (most often two or three); incubates 16-21 days; fledges in 25-28 days.

Feeding habits

Sally-gleaning insectivore, feeding on caterpillars, orthopterans, beetles, spiders, and small reptiles.

Video Narina Trogon


copyright: Josep del Hoyo


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
The species has a large range in Africa, inhabiting lowland to highland, valley and riverine forests, from tropical to temperate regions, those occurring in highlands dispersing seasonally to lower levels
Narina Trogon status Least Concern


Mostly sedentary but some subspecies may migrate considerable distances.

Distribution map

Narina Trogon distribution range map

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