Bairds Trogon (Trogon bairdii)

Bairds Trogon

[order] TROGONIFORMES | [family] Trogonidae | [latin] Trogon bairdii | [authority] Lawrence, 1868 | [UK] Bairds Trogon | [FR] Trogon de Baird | [DE] Bairdtrogon | [ES] Trogon Vientribermejo (Cr) | [NL] Bairds Trogon


Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Trogon bairdii MA Costa Rica, Panama


The Neotropical Trogoninae, containing four genera, Trogon, Priotelus, Pharomachrus and Eupilotis. The two Caribbean species of Priotelus were formerly different ones (Temnotrogon on Hispaniola), and are extremely ancient. The two quetzal genera, Pharomachrus and Eupilotis are possibly derived from the final and most numerous genus of trogons in the Neotropics, Trogon. A 2008 study of the genetics of Trogon suggested the genus originated in Central America and radiated into South America after the formation of the Isthmus of Panama (as part of the Great American Interchange), thus making trogons relatively recent arrivals in South America. Within the genus Trogon, a division of species that coincides with female plumage type is well supported. Females with brown breasts and heads characterize one clade (including T. rufus), whereas females in the other clade (including T. comptus) have gray breasts and heads. Females of T. rufus and T. mexicanus both have brown heads. Male plumage does not appear to be informative at this level; species with red or yellow underparts are interspersed in both clades. They have large eyes, stout hooked bills, short wings, and long, squared-off, strongly graduated tails; black and white tail-feather markings form distinctive patterns on the underside. Males have richly colored metallic plumage, metallic on the upperparts.[1] Although many have brightly coloured bare eye-rings, they lack the colorful patches of bare facial skin in their African counterparts, Apaloderma.[2] Females and young are duller and sometimes hard to identify in the field

Physical charateristics

Medium size; male differs from other trogons with extensive red under surface by its pure white outer tail feathers; female distinguished from other species with foreneck and upper breast entirely slate-gray by the white bars on the tail.

Listen to the sound of Bairds Trogon

[audio: Trogon.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 25 cm size max.: 28 cm
incubation min.: 16 days incubation max.: 17 days
fledging min.: 23 days fledging max.: 25 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


Middle America : Costa Rica, Panama


It is restricted to tall rainforest, and adjacent secondary growth on the forest edge, at elevations up to 1200 m


Breeding takes place in April-August. Its nest is a rounded, unlined chamber with an ascending tunnel, 2-5 m up in a large decaying trunk. It lays 2-3 eggs, and has an incubation period of 16-17 days followed by a fledging period of c.25 days

Feeding habits

The Baird’s Trogon is a loud, colorful trogon of Costa Rica and Panama. Within its small range, this species can be found in the canopy of humid rainforests, occasionally venturing into forest edge to visit fruiting trees. It has been observed to take a small lizard

Video Bairds Trogon


copyright: Max Roth


This species has a small range, in which habitat is declining owing to deforestation. However, the range is not yet severely fragmented or restricted to few locations. For these reasons, the species is classified as Near Threatened.
Trogon bairdii is fairly common on the Pacific slope of south-west Costa Rica where suitable habitat persists, but there are very few recent records in extreme west Panama. There are an estimated 450-1800 mature individuals in the Costa Rica Important Bird Area.
Bairds Trogon status Near Threatened


Presumed sedentary, but not well documented

Distribution map

Bairds Trogon distribution range map

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