Thicket Tinamou (Crypturellus cinnamomeus)

Thicket Tinamou

[order] TINAMIFORMES | [family] Tinamidae | [latin] Crypturellus cinnamomeus | [authority] Lesson, 1842 | [UK] Thicket Tinamou | [FR] Tinamou cannelle | [DE] Buschtinamu | [ES] Tinamu Canelo, Chinga de Guamil (HN ) | [NL] Struiktinamoe


Monotypic species


The tinamous of the genus Crypturellus are usually notoriously difficult to see. Most species of this family are polygamous, with the smaller males performing the domestic tasks and the eggs are beautifully coloured. Tinamous exhibit exclusive male parental care. This type of care is rarely found in birds and only in tinamous is present in all species of the order. In polygynandrous species, males accumulate eggs from several females in at least two different ways: in some species females form stable groups and cooperate to lay the clutch for a male, sometimes even laying replacement clutches together. In other species, multiple females lay eggs in a nest, but they
do not form associations or travel together before or after being attracted by the male.

Physical charateristics

The Thicket Tinamou is approximately 27 to 29 cm in length. Its upperparts brown, heavily barred blackish on back, rump and wings. Its lowerparts pale brown, cinnamon on breast, greyer on belly and undertail whitish with dark barring. Its head brown with prominent buff supercilium and well-defined ear covert patch with bill brownish and legs red in color.

Listen to the sound of Thicket Tinamou

[audio: Tinamou.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 27 cm size max.: 32 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 7  


Middle America : Westcentral Mexico to Costa Rica. This species ranges from Sinaloa, (coastal strip, western Mexico), as its most northerly range, to south Mexico, and eastern Mexico, (Gulf of Mexico), but not central Mexico), to north-west Costa Rica. It has an estimated global extent of occurrence of 600,000 km2.


The Thicket Tinamou Crypturellus cinnamomeus is a type of Tinamou commonly found in lowlands of moist forest in subtropical and tropical regions up to 1,850 m altitude. It may also be found in dry forest habitats.


The nest is placed on the ground at the base of a tree. The clutch is usually three, but may be up to seven glossy purplish eggs. Hybrids have been found between this species and the
slaty-breasted tinamou.

Feeding habits

Feeds on fruit, seeds, and insects, searching for food in small parties that attract attention by crackling dry leaves as they feed

Video Thicket Tinamou


copyright: Juan Sanabria


This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is very large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Thicket Tinamou status Least Concern


Sedentary in all of its range, but not well known.

Distribution map

Thicket Tinamou distribution range map

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