Small-billed Tinamou (Crypturellus parvirostris)

Small-billed Tinamou

[order] TINAMIFORMES | [family] Tinamidae | [latin] Crypturellus parvirostris | [authority] Wagler, 1827 | [UK] Small-billed Tinamou | [FR] Tinamou a petit bec | [DE] Kleinschnabel-Tinamu | [ES] Tinamu Piquicorto | [NL] Kortsnaveltinamoe


Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Crypturellus parvirostris SA c, e


The tinamous of the genus Crypturellus are usually notoriously difficult to see. Most species of this family are polygamous, with the smaller males performing the domestic tasks and the eggs are beautifully coloured. Tinamous exhibit exclusive male parental care. This type of care is rarely found in birds and only in tinamous is present in all species of the order. In polygynandrous species, males accumulate eggs from several females in at least two different ways: in some species females form stable groups and cooperate to lay the clutch for a male, sometimes even laying replacement clutches together. In other species, multiple females lay eggs in a nest, but they
do not form associations or travel together before or after being attracted by the male.

Physical charateristics

Chestnut brown upperparts, with grey head and breast. The combination of red bill and strongly scaled vent separates it from the rest of Tinamous, excepting C. parvirostris, which is a bit smaller and with upperparts of a duller, less chestnut brown.

Listen to the sound of Small-billed Tinamou

[audio: Tinamou.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 20 cm size max.: 32 cm
incubation min.: 18 days incubation max.: 20 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 4   eggs min.: 5  
      eggs max.: 0  


South America : Central, East


It is found in dry savanna at altitudes up to 1,200m. It may also be found in lowland dry shrubland or degraded former forest habitats.


Not much is known. Lays 4-5 pale brown eggs which are incubated for about 19 days (captive birds).

Feeding habits

Tubers, fruit, buds, flowers, seeds, insects

Video Small-billed Tinamou


copyright: Danielae Reinaldo


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Small-billed Tinamou status Least Concern


Sedentary in all of its range, but not well known

Distribution map

Small-billed Tinamou distribution range map

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