Pale-browed Tinamou (Crypturellus transfasciatus)

Pale-browed Tinamou

[order] TINAMIFORMES | [family] Tinamidae | [latin] Crypturellus transfasciatus | [authority] Sclater and Salvin, 1878 | [UK] Pale-browed Tinamou | [FR] Tinamou a grands sourcils | [DE] Brauentinamu | [ES] Tinamu Cejudo | [NL] Wenkbrauwtinamoe


Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Crypturellus transfasciatus SA w Ecuador, nw Peru


The tinamous of the genus Crypturellus are usually notoriously difficult to see. Most species of this family are polygamous, with the smaller males performing the domestic tasks and the eggs are beautifully coloured. Tinamous exhibit exclusive male parental care. This type of care is rarely found in birds and only in tinamous is present in all species of the order. In polygynandrous species, males accumulate eggs from several females in at least two different ways: in some species females form stable groups and cooperate to lay the clutch for a male, sometimes even laying replacement clutches together. In other species, multiple females lay eggs in a nest, but they
do not form associations or travel together before or after being attracted by the male.

Physical charateristics

The Pale-browed Tinamou is approximately 28 cm in length. It is recognized by its greyish-brown upper coat which is finely vermiculated with black, and a white throat, with the remainder of its underparts greyish to buffy. Its flanks are barred, and it has a brown crown, and a prominent white supercilium. Finally, its legs are pink.

Listen to the sound of Pale-browed Tinamou

[audio: Tinamou.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 27 cm size max.: 30 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 5  
      eggs max.: 7  


South America : West Ecuador, Northwest Peru. Crypturellus transfasciatus occurs in arid regions of west Ecuador and north-west Peru (on the Pacific slope to Lambayeque) at elevations up to 1500 m. It is relatively common in suitable habitat, with the population in the Tumbes Reserved Zone (now part of the Northwest Peru Biosphere Reserve) estimated to be in the thousands.


Although a specialist of tropical dry forest, it appears tolerant of a certain level of habitat degradation. Generally, it keeps to denser undergrowth where it forages in the leaf-litter.


Breeds november-february in Ecuador. Clutch size up to 7 eggs. The nest is built at the foot of a tree.

Feeding habits

No data


This species is classified as Near Threatened because declines in its population are believed to approach the threshold for classification as Vulnerable.
The principal threats are widespread deforestation throughout its range, understorey degradation by grazing goats and cattle, and hunting for food
Pale-browed Tinamou status Near Threatened


Sedentary in all of its range, but not well known

Distribution map

Pale-browed Tinamou distribution range map

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