Highland Tinamou (Nothocercus bonapartei)

Highland Tinamou

[order] TINAMIFORMES | [family] Tinamidae | [latin] Nothocercus bonapartei | [authority] Gray, 1867 | [UK] Highland Tinamou | [FR] Tinamou de Bonaparte | [DE] Bergtinamu | [ES] Tinamu Serrano | [NL] Bergtinamoe


Monotypic species


Tinamous are paleognaths related to the flightless ratites. They are probably close in appearance to the flying ancestors of the ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. Nothocercus is a genus of birds in the Tinamou family. Most of this family are flightless birds, with nothocerus being the exception, as they can fly, albeit, not too well. This genus comprises three members of this South American family

Physical charateristics

Mottled or barred with black and cinnamon on back and wings. Throat is variable rufous color. The call is loud and hollow, repeated many times, given by the male from his home range, which he occupies throughout the year.

Listen to the sound of Highland Tinamou

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/TINAMIFORMES/Tinamidae/sounds/Highland Tinamou.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 36 cm size max.: 40 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 4  
      eggs max.: 12  


Latin America : Costa Rica to Peru


Tropical and subtropical forest, mainly above 1500 m) favoring damp areas, especially those with bamboo thickets.


The male defends a small territory in his home range, attracting one or more females with calls and a display known as ?follow feeding.? The nest, which may contain eggs from several females in a clutch of four to 12, is concealed in ground vegetation. Incubation is by the male alone.

Feeding habits

Feeds on fallen fruits and small animals.

Video Highland Tinamou


copyright: Marmoset


This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Highland Tinamou status Least Concern


Sedentary in all of its range, but not well known

Distribution map

Highland Tinamou distribution range map

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