Elegant Crested Tinamou (Eudromia elegans)

Elegant Crested Tinamou

[order] TINAMIFORMES | [family] Tinamidae | [latin] Eudromia elegans | [authority] Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, 1832 | [UK] Elegant Crested Tinamou | [FR] Tinamou elegant | [DE] Perl-Steisshuhn | [ES] Martineta Comun | [NL] Kuiftinamoe


Monotypic species


Tinamous are paleognaths related to the flightless ratites. They are probably close in appearance to the flying ancestors of the ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. Eudromia is a genus of birds in the tinamou family. This genus comprises two crested members of this South American family.

Physical charateristics

They are a dark brownish partridge with a pointy crest on the top of the head. They have short wings and tails with two white stripes on each side of the face.

Listen to the sound of Elegant Crested Tinamou

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/TINAMIFORMES/Tinamidae/sounds/Elegant Crested Tinamou.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 39 cm size max.: 41 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  


South America : Southern Cone


The Elegant crested tinamouu is found in dry lowland shrubland and farmland


The nest is a hollow on the ground formed by both birds and situated close to a low bush. The male incubates the eggs and raises the young. When the young chicks hatch, they are down-covered and can run. They leave the nest almost immediately

Feeding habits

The diet, during the winter, consists mainly of seeds, leaves, fruit and insects, but in the summer it east mainly insects

Video Elegant Crested Tinamou


copyright: Jose del Hoyo


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Elegant Crested Tinamou status Least Concern


Sedentary in all of its range, but not well known

Distribution map

Elegant Crested Tinamou distribution range map

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