Curve-billed Tinamou (Nothoprocta curvirostris)

Curve-billed Tinamou

[order] TINAMIFORMES | [family] Tinamidae | [latin] Nothoprocta curvirostris | [authority] Sclater and Salvin, 1873 | [UK] Curve-billed Tinamou | [FR] Tinamou curvirostre | [DE] Krummschnabel-Steisshuhn | [ES] Tinamu Piquicurvo | [NL] Krombektinamoe


Monotypic species


Tinamous are paleognaths related to the flightless ratites. They are probably close in appearance to the flying ancestors of the ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. Nothoprocta is a genus of birds belonging to the tinamou family Tinamidae. They inhabit scrubland, grassland and open woodland in western South America, particularly in the Andes. They are poor fliers and spend most of their time on the ground. They are medium-sized tinamous with strong legs and fairly long, downcurved bills. The plumage is mostly grey-brown with intricate black, white and buff markings.

Physical charateristics

The Curve-billed Tinamou is approximately 28 cm in length. Its upper parts are dark brown streaked with white and spotted with black. Its breast is rufous and spotted with white, its belly is tawny-buff and its crown is black, the sides of its head,and its throat and foreneck are white. Finally, its legs are brown in color.

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 26 cm size max.: 30 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  


South America : Ecuador, Peru


Puna and Paramo from 2800-3700 m.


Breeding reported form january-augustus with eggs chocolate brown.

Feeding habits

No data


Although this species may have a restricted range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Curve-billed Tinamou status Least Concern


Sedentary in all of its range, but not well known

Distribution map

Curve-billed Tinamou distribution range map

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