Brushland Tinamou (Nothoprocta cinerascens)

Brushland Tinamou

[order] TINAMIFORMES | [family] Tinamidae | [latin] Nothoprocta cinerascens | [authority] Burmeister, 1860 | [UK] Brushland Tinamou | [FR] Tinamou sauvageon | [DE] Cordoba-Steisshuhn | [ES] Tinamu Montaraz, Inambu Montaraz (Arg, Bo), | [NL] Cordoba-tinamoe


Monotypic species


Tinamous are paleognaths related to the flightless ratites. They are probably close in appearance to the flying ancestors of the ratites. Unlike other Ratites, Tinamous can fly, although in general, they are not strong fliers. Nothoprocta is a genus of birds belonging to the tinamou family Tinamidae. They inhabit scrubland, grassland and open woodland in western South America, particularly in the Andes. They are poor fliers and spend most of their time on the ground. They are medium-sized tinamous with strong legs and fairly long, downcurved bills. The plumage is mostly grey-brown with intricate black, white and buff markings.

Physical charateristics

The Brushland Tinamou is approximately 32 cm in length. Its upperparts greyish to olive-brown barred with black and prominently streaked with white. Its crown blackish, sides of head and throat white, lower throat barred black, breast grey spotted with white, belly whitish. Its legs dark grey.

Listen to the sound of Brushland Tinamou

[audio: Tinamou.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

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South America : Southern Cone


The Brushland Tinamou Nothoprocta cinerascens is a type of Tinamou commonly found in high altitude dry shrubland in subtropical and tropical regions up to 2,000m altitude.


Males attract groups of two to four females, establish a nest site which is typically hidden in brush. Then supervise females while they lay in it. When the females leave to join another male, the original male incubates the clutch and rears the brood alone.

Feeding habits

Feed on the ground, mostly on insects and small animals, but also take some fruit

Video Brushland Tinamou


copyright: Fauna Paraguay


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Brushland Tinamou status Least Concern


Sedentary in all of its range, but not well known

Distribution map

Brushland Tinamou distribution range map

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