Spotted Wood Owl (Strix seloputo)

Spotted Wood Owl

[order] STRIGIFORMES | [family] Strigidae | [latin] Strix seloputo | [authority] Horsfield, 1871 | [UK] Spotted Wood Owl | [FR] Chouette des pagodes | [DE] Pagodenkauz | [ES] Carabo de las Pagodas | [NL] Maleise Bosuil


Monotypic species


Members of the genus Strix are the wood owls. They are medium to large owls, having a large, rounded head and no ear-tufts. The comparatively large eyes range from yellow through to dark brown. Colouring is generally designed fro camouflage in woodland, and a number of the member of this genus have colour phases. There are 20 species scattered practically throughout the globe with the exception of Australasia, the South Pacific and Madagascar, where the genus Ninox takes its place. There being no clear generic differences between Strix and Ciccaba genera, and DNA evidence suggesting very close relationships, many authorities now merge the latter into the former.

Physical charateristics

The Spotted Wood-owl has no ear-tufts, white spotting on its upperparts and heavy dark barring on its underparts. Its facial disc is plain, pale rufous.

Listen to the sound of Spotted Wood Owl

[audio: Wood Owl.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 45 cm size max.: 47 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  


Oriental Region : Southeast Asia, Sumatra, Java, Philippines. Found in the Central Catchment Nature Reserve, Swiss Club Road, Sentosa, Labrador Nature Reserve, Dover Road, Singapore Botanic Gardens, Zehnder Road, Pulau Ubin, Jurong Lake, Seletar Airbase and the Jalan Bahar area. There is also a one-off record from St. John’s Island. This species has a rather peculiar distribution, occurring in Indochina, Peninsular Malaysia, Java and Palawan, but not in Borneo.


A forest and woodland species, sometimes found in the vicinity of water, usually solitary or in pairs.


Nests in tree cavity, sometimes on to of other birds nest. Clutch size 1-3 eggs.

Feeding habits

It feeds on small vertebrates, mainly
mammals and birds. Also ;arge insects

Video Spotted Wood Owl


copyright: Josep del Hoyo


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Spotted Wood Owl status Least Concern



Distribution map

Spotted Wood Owl distribution range map

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