Speckled Hawk-Owl (Ninox punctulata)

Speckled Hawk-Owl

[order] STRIGIFORMES | [family] Strigidae | [latin] Ninox punctulata | [authority] Quoy and Gaimard, 1830 | [UK] Speckled Hawk-Owl | [FR] Ninox pointille | [DE] Punktchenkauz | [ES] Ninox Punteado | [NL] Gespikkelde Valkuil


Monotypic species


Members of the genus Ninox are hawk owls, ranging from small to large, with rounded heads without ear-tufts. They have long, pointed wings and a long tail. The nostrils are forward facing on an enlarged cere in an indistinct facial disk. There are at least 20 species in this genus, from Siberia through much of the Pacific rim, South-east Asia and Australasia.

Physical charateristics

It is a reddish brown hawk owl with a white-spotted head, back and wings, a white throat patch, black facial disk, and white eyebrows.

Listen to the sound of Speckled Hawk-Owl

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/STRIGIFORMES/Strigidae/sounds/Speckled Hawk-Owl.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 20 cm size max.: 23 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
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Australasia : Sulawesi


This owl is found mainly in Indonesia and lives mainly in forests near streams, open woodland, and cultivated regions with scattered trees. It is mainly found below 1100 meters, but is occasionally seen at up to 2300 meters above sea level. It is fairly common throughout its range.


No data

Feeding habits

Forages singly or in pairs in riparian forest. Hardly any data on diet, once seen to catch a bat from a mist-net

Video Speckled Hawk-Owl


copyright: Pieter de Groot Boersma


This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Speckled Hawk-Owl status Least Concern


Presumed resident

Distribution map

Speckled Hawk-Owl distribution range map

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