Philippine Scops Owl (Otus megalotis)

Philippine Scops Owl

[order] STRIGIFORMES | [family] Strigidae | [latin] Otus megalotis | [authority] Walden, 1875 | [UK] Philippine Scops Owl | [FR] Petit duc a grandes aigrettes | [DE] Philippinen-Halsbandeule | [ES] Autillo Filipino | [NL] Filippijnse Dwergooruil


Monotypic species


Members of the genus Otus are the Scops and Screech owls. They are relatively small owls, with short, rounded wings. Most have erectile ear-tufts. Otus is a worldwide genus, containing some 45 species.

Physical charateristics

This owl grows to a length of 20 cm. Their big forward-facing eyes are dark with an orange-red rim. Their crown, ear tufts and feathers are dark brown, with dark streaks above. The facial disk has a dark rim. The forehead has a whitish pale color. They have big erect ears, as their name “megalotis” indicates

Listen to the sound of Philippine Scops Owl

[audio: Scops Owl.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 23 cm size max.: 28 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 4  


Oriental Region : Philippines


Tropical forest and secondary woodland, usually the dense parts. Found up to 1200m and roosting between the roots of fallen dead trees.


They nest in trees holes of forests of the Philippine lowlands. The Philippine Scops Owl lives alone or in monogamous pairs. This species breeds throughout the year, resulting in 3-4 eggs.

Feeding habits

Night hunter for insects

Video Philippine Scops Owl


copyright: Daniel Jimenez


This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Philippine Scops Owl status Least Concern



Distribution map

Philippine Scops Owl distribution range map

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