Mantanani Scops Owl (Otus mantananensis)

Mantanani Scops Owl

[order] STRIGIFORMES | [family] Strigidae | [latin] Otus mantananensis | [authority] Sharpe, 1892 | [UK] Mantanani Scops Owl | [FR] Petit-duc de Mantanani | [DE] Philippinen-Zwergohreule | [ES] Autillo la Mantanani | [NL] Mntanandwergooruil


Monotypic species


Members of the genus Otus are the Scops and Screech owls. They are relatively small owls, with short, rounded wings. Most have erectile ear-tufts. Otus is a worldwide genus, containing some 45 species.

Physical charateristics

Brownish and rufous morphs. Face pale buff with clear dark border. Narrow light eyebrows, triangular spots in neck. Upperparts dark brown mottled black and streaked. Flight feathers and tail barred pale. Underparts much paler towards white with black lines and streaks. Breast variable rufous. Iris yellow, feet and bill grey.

Listen to the sound of Mantanani Scops Owl

[audio: Scops Owl.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

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Oriental Region : Philippines


It is fairly common in coconut groves and other wooded habitats although its total area of occupancy is small.


Eggs are thought to be laid in March-May in a tree cavity

Feeding habits

It hunts at the forest edge or in clearings, feeding primarily on insects

Video Mantanani Scops Owl


copyright: John Gregory


This species is listed as Near Threatened because there are some indications that it has a moderately small, fragmented population which is undergoing a continuing decline owing to forest loss. However, little is currently known about the population size and structure of, and threats to, this species.
Otus mantanensis is endemic to the islets off Sabah (e.g. Mantani), Malaysia, and off Palawan (e.g. Rasa, Ursula), Philippines, as well as to islands in the Sulu archipelago and central Philippines. It is apparently common in suitable habitat. The total range size is small
Mantanani Scops Owl status Near Threatened


Presumed sedentary

Distribution map

Mantanani Scops Owl distribution range map

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