Jungle Hawk-Owl (Ninox theomacha)

Jungle Hawk-Owl

[order] STRIGIFORMES | [family] Strigidae | [latin] Ninox theomacha | [authority] Bonaparte, 1855 | [UK] Jungle Hawk-Owl | [FR] Ninox brune | [DE] Einfarb-Kauz | [ES] Ninox Papu | [NL] Bruine Valkuil


Monotypic species


Members of the genus Ninox are hawk owls, ranging from small to large, with rounded heads without ear-tufts. They have long, pointed wings and a long tail. The nostrils are forward facing on an enlarged cere in an indistinct facial disk. There are at least 20 species in this genus, from Siberia through much of the Pacific rim, South-east Asia and Australasia.

Physical charateristics

It is a medium-sized, dark-colored owl. It has a dark gray-brown facial disk with lighter colored eyebrows, sooty or chocolate underparts, and mainly dark gray wings.

Listen to the sound of Jungle Hawk-Owl

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/STRIGIFORMES/Strigidae/sounds/Jungle Hawk-Owl.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 20 cm size max.: 28 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  


Australasia : New Guinea


It lives mainly in lowland forests, montane forests, and submontane forests, living mainly on the forests’ edges


Monogamous species, clutch size is 2 eggs. Nests in tree cavity or old Woodpecker nest.

Feeding habits

Hunts mainly for large insects, also small vertebrates. Hunts from a perch to sally or hawking in air for prey.

Video Jungle Hawk-Owl


copyright: Keith Blomerley


This species has a very large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Jungle Hawk-Owl status Least Concern


Presumed resident

Distribution map

Jungle Hawk-Owl distribution range map

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