Amazonian Pygmy Owl (Glaucidium hardyi)

Amazonian Pygmy Owl

[order] STRIGIFORMES | [family] Strigidae | [latin] Glaucidium hardyi | [authority] Vielliard, 1990 | [UK] Amazonian Pygmy Owl | [FR] Chevechette d’Amazonie | [DE] – | [ES] Mochuelo Amazonico | [NL] Hardys dwerguil


Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Glaucidium hardyi SA Amazonia


Members of the genus Glaucidium are very small and tiny owls. They have rounded heads without ear-tufts. Their eyes are yellow. In many species the talons are, in relation to their size, very powerful. The facial disc is not very distinct. Some species have a large dark patch with a pale border on each side of the nape of the neck, looking like false eyes. Many are partly diurnal and sing from exposed perches. These are mostly very tenacious in the hunt, and show little fear, even of approaching humans. Glaucidium is a worldwide genus, containing some 30 species. Most of the Asian species, and some of the African species show physical and behavioural differences that suggest they might be better placed in Athene, and DNA evidence suggests that there is only a distant relationship between the Old World Pygmy Owls and those of the New World.

Physical charateristics

Crown and nape brownish-gray with extensive white spotting, contrasting slightly with dark gray-brown back. Bars on the closed wings are formed by pale cinnamon spots on the outer webs of the primaries and secondaries. The tail has five whitish bars. The chest sides and underpart streaks are dusky cinnamon-brown to brown. From G. parkeri, hardyi differs in its redder plumage that lacks bold white spots on the scapulars and wings.

Listen to the sound of Amazonian Pygmy Owl

[audio: Pygmy Owl.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 12 cm size max.: 14 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  


South America : Amazonia


Being unknown above 350 m elevation this species is generally considered uncommon and inhabits the upperstory of humid evergreen forest (rain forest), specifically tall terra firma, transitional, and varzea forest, over much of Amazonian South America. Found up to about 800m.


No data

Feeding habits

Minaly insects and some tree-dwelling vertebrates, little is known

Video Amazonian Pygmy Owl


copyright: Will Carter


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
The population is suspected to be stable in the absence of evidence for any declines or substantial threats.
Amazonian Pygmy Owl status Least Concern



Distribution map

Amazonian Pygmy Owl distribution range map

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *