Vernal Hanging Parrot (Loriculus vernalis)

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Loriculus vernalis | [authority] Sparrman, 1787 | [UK] Vernal Hanging Parrot | [FR] Coryllis vernal | [DE] Fruhlingspapageichen | [ES] Loriculo Vernal | [NL] Indische Vleermuisparkiet | [copyright picture] Kao Kheow Open Zoo


Monotypic species


This genus ranges throughout the greater part of the Oriental region and into part of the Papuan. The hanging parrots are birds in the parrot genus Loriculus . This is a group of small parrots from tropical southern Asia. Small parrots, about 13 cm, and mostly green plumaged and short-tailed. These parrots are unique among birds for their ability to sleep upside down. Bill much smaller and longer comparatively than in Palaeornis, and much more compressed, the. culmen less curved ; the depth of the two mandibles together less than the length from cere to point; tail short, slightly rounded.

Physical charateristics

The Vernal Hanging Parrot is very small parrot with the length of only 14 centimeters. The body is fresh green, the area under the stomach is yellowish green, and the head color is fresher than color of the body, mouth, and back. The end or the hip is red or orange. The male has pale blue color on the front of the neck. The female has the same green color as the male but it does not have blue color under the chin or the front of the neck.

Listen to the sound of Vernal Hanging Parrot

[audio: Hanging Parrot.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 13 cm size max.: 14 cm
incubation min.: 20 days incubation max.: 22 days
fledging min.: 31 days fledging max.: 35 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 4  


Oriental Region : East India through Southeast Asia, Andaman Islands


Vernal Hanging Parrot is a bird of dry jungle and cultivation. It can be found in the general forest, in the sparse forest near the forest edge, and in the fruit garden near the forest.


Vernal Hanging Parrots nest in tree cavities. The nests are lined with fragments of leaves. There are usually three eggs in a clutch. The eggs are white in color. The female incubates the eggs for 20 days and the chicks leave the nest about 33 days from hatching.

Feeding habits

Diest consists of fruit, seeds, buds and blossoms. They frequently visit Banyan trees for fruit and Plantain trees for nectar.

Video Vernal Hanging Parrot


copyright: India Birding


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Local sesonal movemets reported, probably mainly resident.
Vernal Hanging Parrot status Least Concern


It undergoes local movements, driven mainly by the availability of food.

Distribution map

Vernal Hanging Parrot distribution range map

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