Peach-fronted Parakeet (Aratinga aurea)

Peach-fronted Parakeet

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Aratinga aurea | [authority] Gmelin, 1788 | [UK] Peach-fronted Parakeet | [FR] Conure a front d’or | [DE] Goldstirn-Sittich | [ES] Aratinga Frentidorada | [NL] Goudvoorhoofdparkiet


Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Aratinga aurea SA Amazonia, sc


The parrot genus Aratinga comprises 24 species. Aratinga is a genus of American parakeets. They belong to the long-tailed group. Most are predominantly green, although a few are predominantly yellow or orange. They are social and commonly seen in groups in the wild. In Brazil the popular name of several species usually is Jandaia, sometimes written as Jandaya in the scientific form.
The genus Aratinga includes species with habitat from South America to Mexico. Birds in the Aratinga genus have a “swift, direct flight” that differs from other similar birds according to “Parrots of the World.” Other characteristics include the males and females looking alike, a fully feathered face and a rather long tail that starts wide at the base and becomes slender at the tip.

Physical charateristics

The Peach-fronted parakeet has a greyish-green back with a lighter green (olive) color on the breast. The forehead and part of the crown are bright orange. The rest of the crown is blue-green. There are black tips on the wings and blue tips on the tail. The beak is black.

Listen to the sound of Peach-fronted Parakeet

[audio: Parakeet.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 23 cm size max.: 28 cm
incubation min.: 26 days incubation max.: 28 days
fledging min.: 50 days fledging max.: 28 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 5  


South America : Amazonia, Southcentral


Tropical savanna with Mauritia palm groves, gallery forest, cerrado, remnant woodlots adjacent to agricoltural land and even urban areas, savanna-like “campo rupestre” with many shrubs, herbs and scattered trees, moving between wooded areas and open grassland habitats to forage. Lowlands to 600 m.


Nest is built in tree hole or arboreal or ground termite hill. Clutch size is 2-4 eggs incubated for about 26 days, young fledge after about 50 days.

Feeding habits

Searches for food in trees and on ground. Grass seeds, hemp, oats, grain mix for large parrots, fruits, fresh buds, boiled or soaked seeds, corn, soaked white bread, live food (mealworms, white worms, ‘ant-eggs’), nuts, berries, apples, hard-boiled eggs, insects. The Peach-fronted Parakeet may excavate nest holes in arboreal termitaria.

Video Peach-fronted Parakeet


copyright: J. del Hoyo


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
The species was historically abundant in Argentina, but now dramatically declined (only two records from 1956), for reasons unknown. Large scale exports to international markets, late 1980s, included major consignements from Argentina, undoubtely involving smuggled birds from Brazil.
Peach-fronted Parakeet status Least Concern


Resident throughout range.

Distribution map

Peach-fronted Parakeet distribution range map


Title Peach-fronted Parakeet feeding on winged termites
Author(s): IVAN SAZIMA
Abstract: Insectivorous habits in parrots are reported for t..[more]..
Source: Wilson Bull., 101(4), 1989, pp. 656-651

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