Mindanao Lorikeet (Trichoglossus johnstoniae)

Mindanao Lorikeet

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Trichoglossus johnstoniae | [authority] Hartert, 1903 | [UK] Mindanao Lorikeet | [FR] Loriquet de Johnston | [DE] Mindanaolori | [ES] Lori de Mindanao | [NL] Johnstone’s Lori | [copyright picture] Patmanzzz


Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Trichoglossus johnstoniae OR Philippines


Genus Trichoglossus comprises an arboreal group of honey-eating Parrakeets. There are eight species and more than 30 subspecies recognized in this genus. They have a characteristically slender body form, a long wedge, shaped tail and an incurving upper mandible. Members of the genus are characterised by barring, sometimes prominently, on the upper breast. These lorikeets are distributed widely through Australia, Wallacea and Melanesia, with outliers in the Philippines and Micronesia.

Physical charateristics

T.j. johnstoniae: both adults in general green; pink/red forecrown and cheeks; band from lores to occiput dark purple; yellow underparts, scalloped with green; yellow/green underwing coverts and undertail coverts; underwing band yellow. Bill orange/red. Eye ring dark grey. Eye red. T.j. pista: both adults darker and duller red on face; band from occiput to lores wider; upperparts darker green and underparts brighter and more vivid yellow.

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 20 cm size max.: 22 cm
incubation min.: 14 days incubation max.: 21 days
fledging min.: 30 days fledging max.: 40 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  


Oriental Region : Philippines. Trichoglossus johnstoniae is endemic to Mindanao, Philippines, where it occurs at Mt Kitanglad, near Lake Lanao, Mt Piapayungan, Mt Apo, Mt Matutum, Lake Parker, Luhan, New Dumangas, T’boli, South Cotabato, Lake Sebu and Mt Malindang.


Montane forest above 1000 m and edge habitat, including logged and degraded areas. Daily altitudinal movement, roosting in lower areas in the evening and returning to hjigher forest at sunrise


Little known, in captivity clutch size 2 eggs incubation 2 to 3 weeks, young fledgde after about 5 weeks.

Feeding habits

Moves altitudinally with groups of birds roosting at lower levels, moving higher during the day to feed on flowering trees and shrubs before returning to lower levels at night. Forages for nectar, flowers, fruits, pollen and insects.

Video Mindanao Lorikeet


copyright: Desmond Allen


This montane species is probably secure but it is localised and scarce over its moderately small range, which is probably diminishing in extent owing to ongoing logging and forest loss. It therefore is classified as Near Threatened.
It was described as uncommon and local and treated as threatened. Forest destruction was previously considered a threat but is now unlikely to be a threat. The species appears to be moderately secure and numerous in montane forest above c.1,000 m, this being habitat which is relatively unlikely to be affected by human activities in the medium term.
Mindanao Lorikeet status Near Threatened


Moves altitudinally with groups of birds roosting at lower levels, moving higher during the day to feed, nomadic displacments in search of food unrecorded.

Distribution map

Mindanao Lorikeet distribution range map

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