Grey-breasted Parakeet (Pyrrhura griseipectus)

Grey-breasted Parakeet

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Pyrrhura griseipectus | [authority] Salvadori, 1900 | [UK] Grey-breasted Parakeet | [FR] Cardinal pyrrhuloxia | [DE] Graubrustsittich | [ES] Perico Pintado | [NL] Grijsborst-witoorparkiet | [copyright picture] Birdlife


Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Pyrrhura griseipectus SA ne Brazil


The genus Pyrrhura includes a rich set of small to medium-sized species of parakeets, mostly confined to dense habitats in South America. Also, they inhabit dry as well as tall rainforests which occur from sea level up to 2000m. These birds exploit several tree species and use a variety of food items, from nectar to pure seeds. All have long, pointed tails, a mainly green plumage, and a relatively narrow, dark greyish to white eye-ring. Many have scaly or barred chest-patterns and a whitish, pale grey, buff or reddish ear-patch. They typically move around in small, noisy flocks, flying swiftly at or below canopy level. Once settled in a tree they tend to be silent (especially if aware of danger) and difficult to spot. They nest in a tree-crevice.

Physical charateristics

Overall a green parakeet with blue in the wing, a red-brown rump, tail, belly and shoulder. The chest and breast are greyish with pale scallops. The face is plum-red while the pileum is all brown. Similar spp subtly different from P. leucotis and P. pfrimeri, having a brown pileum, a white auricular patch and a grey breast. Its coloration, especially the breast, resembles two widely disjunct taxa, P. caeruleiceps of Venezuela and P. eisenmanni from Panama. Nevertheless, P. griseipectus differs from caeruleiceps and eisenmanni in its all-brown pileum (fore- and hindcrown blue in caeruleiceps, forecrown dull red in eisenmanni), maroon cheeks (dull red in caeruleiceps and eisenmanni) and red shoulders.

Listen to the sound of Grey-breasted Parakeet

[audio: Parakeet.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

recorded by Ciro Albano

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 23 cm size max.: 25 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
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South America : Northeast Brazil. This species is known historically from four areas in north-eastern Brazil, but currently from just one of these: the Serra do Baturite in Ceara


It occurs in montane (above 500 m) humid forest enclaves in the otherwise semi-arid north-east Brazil. These wet ‘sky islands’ are known locally as ‘brejos’. Humid forests grade into semi-deciduous forest and eventually dry, xeric caatingas in lower areas. The forests are restricted to upland granite or sandstone areas which receive up to four times the annual rainfall of lower altitudes. The humid forests atop the Baturite massif form a continuous canopy c.20 m tall, with some emergents


No data

Feeding habits

Birds feed on fruit and seeds in the canopy of humid and semi-deciduous forest.

Video Grey-breasted Parakeet


copyright: Ciro Albano


Recent surveys indicate that this species has an extremely small population which continues to decline following dramatic historic declines. It occupies a very small known range. For these reasons it qualifies as Criticially Endangered.
Habitat destruction has played a role in the species’s decline with original forest cover now reduced to just 13%. Coffee plantations (especially where sun coffee is grown instead of shade coffee) are impacting upon the species’s habitat. The principal threat, however, is believed to come from ongoing trapping for illegal local and national trade. The species also occurs in the international cage bird trade
Grey-breasted Parakeet status Critically Endangered



Distribution map

Grey-breasted Parakeet distribution range map

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