Green-rumped Parrotlet (Forpus passerinus)

Green-rumped Parrotlet

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Forpus passerinus | [authority] Linnaeus, 1758 | [UK] Green-rumped Parrotlet | [FR] Toui ete | [DE] Grunburzel-Sperlingspapagei | [ES] Cotorrita Culiverde | [NL] Groen Muspapegaai | [copyright picture] Jan Dolphijn


Monotypic species


The genus Forpus consists of seven recognized species that are distributed in the lowlands of South America and Mexico. The Forpus genus is one of the few groups of parrots where females differ markedly from males. They are the smallest birds in the Psittaformes order.

Physical charateristics

The Green-rumped Parrotlet is about 12.7 cm long and weighs 23 g. It is mainly bright green with a short tail and pinkish bill. The male has a brilliant blue wing patch, and females sometimes have some yellow on the head. The subspecies F. p. viridissimus of Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago is darker green than the nominate F. p. passerinus, and the males have more strongly blue-tinged wings.

Listen to the sound of Green-rumped Parrotlet

[audio: Parrotlet.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 12 cm size max.: 13 cm
incubation min.: 17 days incubation max.: 19 days
fledging min.: 33 days fledging max.: 19 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 5  
      eggs max.: 7  


South America : North


Its habitat is open forest and scrub.


The female lays five to seven white eggs in a hole in a termite nest, tree cavity, or even hollow pipe, and incubates the clutch for 18 days to hatching, with about another five weeks to fledging.

Feeding habits

They eat seeds including those of grasses.

Video Green-rumped Parrotlet


copyright: Pieter de Groot Boersma


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
It is a resident breeding bird in tropical South America, from Colombia and Trinidad south and east to the Guianas and Brazil. It has been introduced in Jamaica, Curacao, Barbados and Tobago, and was not recorded on Trinidad prior to 1916.
Green-rumped Parrotlet status Least Concern


Resident throughout range.

Distribution map

Green-rumped Parrotlet distribution range map

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