Dusky Parrot (Pionus fuscus)

Dusky Parrot

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Pionus fuscus | [authority] Muller, 1776 | [UK] Dusky Parrot | [FR] Pionus violet | [DE] Veilchenpapagei | [ES] Loro Piquirrojo | [NL] Bruin Margrietje


Monotypic species


The genus Pionus encompasses 8 different species. All the Pionus are the same shape and close to the same size but the colors are very different. In fact, those species without green as the main body color (the Duskies, Bronze-wings, and White-caps) have highly variable coloring between individuals. The one similarity in coloring for all of the Pionus species is the red underneath their tails (under tail-coverts). Because of this, the Pionus parrots are often referred to as the Red-vented parrots in older books. As to shape, all Pionus are a bit stocky with a short square tail. They have the same general body shape as some Amazons. All Pionus have small naked eye rings and a prominent naked cere (nose). Their upper mandible (the top part of the beak) has a definite notch and the upper mandible extends in a point almost to the bottom of the lower mandible (the lower beak).

Physical charateristics

Head dull slate-blue; lores area red; ear-coverts black, edged around with whitish feathers; chin feathers edged with dull pink; back and wings dark brown, each feather with pale edging; breast and abdomen brown with dull pink or bluish edging; under wing-coverts violet-blue; tail dark blue, outer feathers with red base; bill blackish, horn-colured on sides; skin to periophthalmic ring grey; iris brown; feet grey.

Listen to the sound of Dusky Parrot

[audio:http://www.planetofbirds.com/MASTER/PSITTACIFORMES/Psittacidae/sounds/Dusky Parrot.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 25 cm size max.: 27 cm
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South America : Northeast


Forest; coastal areas with woodland, savanna woodland to 600 m (1,800 ft), Sierra de Perija to 1200 m (3,600 ft); occasionally occurs in cultivated areas.


Breeding season February to May; nests in hollows of tall, dead trees; clutch 3 to 4 eggs

Feeding habits

Diet consists of fruits, seeds, berries and buds

Video Dusky Parrot


copyright: youtube


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Sierra de Perija , along Venezuelan-Colombian border; southern Venezuela north of Orinoco, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana and northern Brazil. The dusky parrot is a common sight in Suriname, especially in the forests of the interior.
Dusky Parrot status Least Concern


Sedentary, though local wandering and some seasonal movements in search of food.

Distribution map

Dusky Parrot distribution range map

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