Caica Parrot (Pionopsitta caica)

Caica Parrot

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Pionopsitta caica | [authority] Latham, 1790 | [UK] Caica Parrot | [FR] Caique a tete noir | [DE] Kappenpapagei | [ES] Lorito Caica | [NL] Caicapapegaai


Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Pyrilia caica SA ne


The genus Pyrilia is composed of seven known species allopatrically distributed in Central and South America: P. haematotis; P. coccinicollaris; P. pulchra; P. pyrilia; P. barrabandi; P. caica; and P.
vulturina. The last three species occur in the Amazon basin. Pionopsitta barrabandi is distributed along the western portion of the Amazon basin, extending from southern Venezuela to northeastern Mato Grosso (Brazil), and westwards as far as eastern Ecuador. Pionopsitta caica occurs from southeastern Venezuela to Guyana, and in the Brazilian states of Roraima and Amapa, on the left bank of the lower Amazon River. P. vulturina is distributed south of the Amazon River, from the Gurupi River to the Madeira River and southwards as far as Serra do Cachimbo. Pionopsitta is a genus in the Family Psittacidae. Recent DNA results show that Pileated Parrot is genetically far from the rest of the species currently included in Pionopsitta. The SACC has followed suit so that Pileated Parrot is the only remaining member of this genus while the rest are placed in genus Pyrilia.

Physical charateristics

Green; lower breast, abdomen and under tail-coverts yellowish-green; head brownish-black; broad band to nape dusky olive-yellow, each feather edged browmish; throat and upper breast dull olive-brown; bend of wing with pale blue tinge; primary-coverts dark blue with green edging to outer webs; flight-feathers black with green outer webs; underside of flight-feathers bluish-green; middle tail-feathers with blue tips; outer tail-feathers with yellow marking to inner webs; bill whitish-horn colour; narrow periophthalmic ring grey; iris orange-red; cere and feet grey.

Listen to the sound of Caica Parrot

[audio: Parrot.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 22 cm size max.: 24 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  


South America : Northeast


Rain and cloud forest, seasonally flooded forest areas as well as tall secondary vegetation in subtropical and tropical zones to 1.000 meter. Possibly higher altitude in some localities.


Very little known, breeds in tree holes 10 meters above the ground.

Feeding habits

Feeds arboreally, taking seeds, nuts, fruits, berries and flowers

Video Caica Parrot


copyright: Josep del Hoyo


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Found in eastern Venezuela in Bolivar Province, Guyana, Surinam, French Guiana and northeast Brazil between Amapa and Roraima to the Amazon
Caica Parrot status Least Concern



Distribution map

Caica Parrot distribution range map

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