Bourkes Parrot (Neopsephotus bourkii)

Bourkes Parrot

Bourkes Parrot

[order] PSITTACIFORMES | [family] Psittacidae | [latin] Neopsephotus bourkii | [authority] Gould, 1841 | [UK] Bourkes Parrot | [FR] Perruche de Bourke | [DE] Bourkesittich | [ES] Periquito Rosado | [NL] Bourke’s Parkiet | [copyright picture] Richard Crook


Genus Species subspecies Region Range
Neophema bourkii
Neopsephotus bourkii AU c, w Australia


The Bourke’s Parrot (Neopsephotus bourkii, formerly known as Neophema bourkii) is a small parrot originating in Australia and the only species in its genus Neopsephotus. This species is sometimes placed in the genus Neophema and there is an ongoing discussion about the proper taxonomic placement of this species.

Physical charateristics

Male-upperparts olive/brown; blue forehead; line above eyes blue; face gray/white; grey/pink throat and lower cheeks, upper cheeks olive/brown; grey/brown breast with grey/pink wide edging; rose/pink abdomen; blue tail coverts and rump; dark brown upper wing coverts and outer secondary feathers, margined with yellow/white; underwing band minimal or absent; black/brown tail with wide tip. Bill grey. Eye dark brown. Female-in general duller than male with paler pink underparts and paler blue sides of rump; blue on forehead and above eyes absent or minimal; has pale underwing band

Listen to the sound of Bourkes Parrot

[audio: Parrot.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

recorded by Macaulay Library

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 19 cm size max.: 20 cm
incubation min.: 18 days incubation max.: 19 days
fledging min.: 26 days fledging max.: 30 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 6  


Australasia : Central, West Australia. Bourke’s Parrot is widespread across arid and semi-arid areas of the inland, from north-western New South Wales and south-western Queensland to the mid-coast of Western Australia, and from the Devil’s Marbles in Northern Territory south to Port Augusta, South Australia.


Bourke’s Parrot is found in mulga and other acacia scrubs, and in native cypress and other open eucalypt woodlands.


Bourke’s Parrots form monogamous pairs. They nest in a hollow, usually vertical, of a dead tree or stump. The eggs are laid on decayed wood in the bottom of the hollow. The female incubates the eggs, leaving the nest once a day to be fed regurgitated seeds brought by the male, and both parents brood the young. The Bourke’s Parrot has a clutch of 3 to 6 eggs, which are incubated by the female for 18?19 days, with the chicks fledging at about 4 weeks of age.

Feeding habits

Bourke’s Parrots feed mainly on the ground, and only occasionally in trees. Pairs, or small groups of four to six, feed on seeds of grasses and herbs. They need to be near a source of water, which they visit usually at dawn and dusk.

Video Bourkes Parrot


copyright: Josep del Hoyo


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
In eastern Australia, Bourke’s Parrot appears to have been adversely affected by overstocking and rabbit plagues, both of which remove understorey plants. In some areas of Western Australia, populations of Bourke’s Parrots have expanded since grazing was scaled down, allowing vegetation to regenerate.
Bourkes Parrot status Least Concern


The movements of Bourke’s Parrot are not well-known. Although thought to be nomadic, it is likely that they are resident in some areas.

Distribution map

Bourkes Parrot distribution range map

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