White throated Toucan (Ramphastos tucanus)

White-throated Toucan

[order] Piciformes | [family] Ramphastidae | [latin] Ramphastos tucanus | [UK] White-throated Toucan | [FR] Toucan a bec rouge | [DE] Weissbrusttukan | [ES] Tucan de Pico Rojo | [IT] Tucano beccorosso | [NL] Roodsnaveltoekan


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Ramphastos tucanus SA Amazonia
Ramphastos tucanus cuvieri upper Amazonia from w Venezuela to n Bolivia
Ramphastos tucanus inca n and c Bolivia
Ramphastos tucanus tucanus se Venezuela, the Guianas and n Brazil

Physical charateristics

It has a black plumaged with a white throat and breast bordered below with a narrow red line. The rump is bright yellow and the crissum is red. The bare skin around the eye is blue. The bill has a yellow tip, upper ridge and base of the upper mandible, and the base of the lower mandible is blue. The bill is 14-18 cm long. The rest of the bill is mainly black in R. t. cuvieri and mainly reddish-brown in R. t. tucanus, with intergrades showing a mixed coloration. Males are larger and longer-billed than females, but otherwise the sexes are alike.

Listen to the sound of White-throated Toucan

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/W/White-throated Toucan.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 53 cm size max.: 58 cm
incubation min.: 15 days incubation max.: 16 days
fledging min.: 48 days fledging max.: 49 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


it is found throughout the Amazon in south-eastern Colombia, eastern Ecuador, eastern Peru, northern Bolivia, southern and eastern Venezuela, northern and western Brazil, and the Guianas.


It prefers tropical humid forest, but also occurs in woodland and locally in riverine forest (old riverbeds) within the Cerrado. In Suirname common in the forest edges of the coastal plane.


Nest is an unlined cavity in soft (decaying) tree or an old woodpecker nest. Clutch size is 2-4 eggs and both sexes incubate the eggs for at 14-15 days, either of them mostly at night. The young are blind and naked at birth, with short bills. The oungy are fed by both parents (predominantly the female), and fledge after about 6 weeks. The parents cotinue feeding the juveniles for several weeks after they have left the nest.

Feeding habits

This species is primarily an arboreal fruit-eater, but will also take insects, lizards, bird eggs, and other small vertebrate prey.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 7,400,000 km2. The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
White-throated Toucan status Least Concern


Essentially sedentary but may move in large flocks along rivers in search of better food conditions.

Distribution map

White-throated Toucan range map


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