Great Jacamar (Jacamerops aurea)

Great Jacamar

[order] PICIFORMES | [family] Galbulidae | [latin] Jacamerops aurea | [UK] Great Jacamar | [FR] Grand Jacamar | [DE] Breitmaul-Glanzvogel | [ES] Jacamara Grande | [NL] Grote Glansvogel


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Notharchus aureus
Jacamerops aureus
Jacamerops aureus LA Costa Rica to nw Ecuador, Amazonia
Jacamerops aureus aureus e Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas
Jacamerops aureus isidori e Ecuador, e Peru, w Brazil and n Bolivia
Jacamerops aureus penardi Costa Rica to w Colombia
Jacamerops aureus ridgwayi ne and c Brazil

Physical charateristics

Largest jacamar 30 cm long, with thick, slightly curved bill. Metallic green upperparts, white narrow band on throat, rufous underside, with bluish black underside of tail. The female is essentially the same but lacks the white throat patch. Legs are green grey, bill is black.

Listen to the sound of Great Jacamar

[audio: Jacamar.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 25 cm size max.: 30 cm
incubation min.: 20 days incubation max.: 23 days
fledging min.: 21 days fledging max.: 23 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 4  


Latin America : Costa Rica to Northwest Ecuador, Amazonia


Unbroken humid rainforest and well-shaded forest edges along streams and rivers.


Pairs excavate tunnels in arboreal termitaria 3-15 meter above ground. Incubation
is 20?23 days. Chicks emerge from nest after 21?26 days, covered in white down. Both sexes incubate, and care for chicks

Feeding habits

Perches and sallies for flying insects, but does not return to same perch. Catches prey in mid-air and bashes it on a branch before consuming it. Also gleans other insects like spiders from foliage. Will sometimes consume small vertebrates like lizards.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). Despite the fact that the population trend appears to be decreasing, the decline is not believed to be sufficiently rapid to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.

It is found in eastern Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Panama, eastern Peru, Venezuela and the Guianas.

Great Jacamar status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Great Jacamar distribution range map

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