Swallow-winged Puffbird (Chelidoptera tenebrosa)

Swallow-winged Puffbird

[order] PICIFORMES | [family] Bucconidae | [latin] Chelidoptera tenebrosa | [UK] Swallow-winged Puffbird | [FR] Barbacou tenebreux | [DE] Schwalben-Faulvogel | [ES] Buco Golondrina | [NL]


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Capito tenebrosa
Chelidoptera tenebrosa
Chelidoptera tenebrosa SA Amazonia, e Brazil
Chelidoptera tenebrosa brasiliensis e and se Brazil
Chelidoptera tenebrosa tenebrosa e Colombia to the Guianas south to n Bolivia and c Brazil

Physical charateristics

It is mainly glossy blue-back with white on the rump and lower back which is often difficult to see. The belly is cinnamon and the undertail coverts white. It looks plump and has a short tail and broad wings. Sexes are alike, but female slightly larger. Slightly decurved bill and legs black.

Listen to the sound of Swallow-winged Puffbird

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/S/Swallow-winged Puffbird.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 14 cm size max.: 15 cm
incubation min.: 14 days incubation max.: 15 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 15 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 2  


South America : Amazonia, East Brazil


Found in subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical swamps, and heavily degraded former forest. Usually open sandy areas with scattered vegetation. Also high perching in river- or lakeside trees.


Breeds mostly in sandy ground excavated tunnels slightly sloped downwardly about 1-1.5 meter. The chamber is lined with dry grass on which 1-2 eggs are laid. Newly hatched young are naked and black. In Suriname the breeding season coincides more or less with the dry seasons; most nestings occur from July to December, but a few occur in March. No further data.

Feeding habits

The Swallow-wing is a quiet bird which sits for long periods in the top
of a tree without moving. It feeds in flycatcher fashion in the air and returns to the same perch. Diet consists of slow-moving flying insects including winged ants. Swallows prey in flight.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Swallow-winged Puffbird status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Swallow-winged Puffbird distribution range map

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