Small-billed Elaenia (Elaenia parvirostris)

Small-billed Elaenia

Small-billed Elaenia (Elaenia parvirostris)

[order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Tyrannidae | [latin] Elaenia parvirostris | [UK] Small-billed Elaenia | [FR] elaene a bec fin | [DE] Kurzschnabel-Elaenie | [ES] Fiofio Piquicorto | [NL] Kortsnavelelenia


Monotypic species

Physical charateristics

Above brown olive. Crown with white patch. Throat and chest uniform grey. Pure white belly with yellowish flanka. Two or three white bars on wings and a small bill.

Listen to the sound of Small-billed Elaenia

[audio: Elaenia.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 14 cm size max.: 15 cm
incubation min.: 14 days incubation max.: 15 days
fledging min.: 19 days fledging max.: 15 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


South America : widespread


Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry forests, subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, and heavily degraded former forest.


It makes a neat cup nest made out of small twigs and plant fibres lined with moss and spiderweb. Clutch size is 2 to 3 eggs incubated for about 14 days, young fledge after 15 days.

Feeding habits

It is a quiet and inconspicuous bird which feeds on berries and insects. The latter are usually caught from mid-air after the bird sallies from a perch, and sometimes picked up from plants.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Small-billed Elaenia status Least Concern


Small-billed Elaenia seems to be a much more numerous austral winter visitor to Amazonia than White-crested, at least based on frequency of specimen records. …; during austral winter moves north widely across w. and cen. Amazon basin to ne. Colombia, Venezuela, and Guianas, with a few records from as far north as Trinidad and Netherlands Antilles.

Distribution map

Small-billed Elaenia distribution range map

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