Grey Monjita (Xolmis cinereus)

Grey Monjita

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Tyrannidae | [latin] Xolmis cinereus | [UK] Grey Monjita | [FR] Pepoaza cendre | [DE] Bartstreif-Nonnentyrann | [ES] Monjita Gris | [IT] Monjita cenerina | [NL] Grijze Monjita


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Xolmis cinereus SA e, c Brazil, se SA
Xolmis cinereus cinereus
Xolmis cinereus pepoaza

Physical charateristics

It is ashy grey above with white above the lores. The wings are mostly black with a white speculum when at rest which is seen as a very conspicuous white “V” in flight. The tail is black with a broad white tip. The throat is white with a broad dark grey malar stripe while the breast is ashy grey and the belly is white.

No sound available

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 22 cm size max.: 23 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


It is found in Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Uruguay


Its natural habitats are dry savanna, subtropical or tropical seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland, and pastureland.


Nest is an open cup made out of stems and straws, lined with roots and feathers. Seems also to use holes in trees. Clutch size is 2-3 eggs, no further data.

Feeding habits

Forages by openly perching and sallying for insects. Often found sitting on wires, fenches etc., whre it can be observed diing to and running the ground chasing prey.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 6,900,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population size criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., less than 10,000 mature individuals in conjunction with appropriate decline rates and subpopulation qualifiers), even though the species is described as ‘uncommon’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Grey Monjita status Least Concern


Mailny sedentary, Southern populations believed to by migratory.

Distribution map

Grey Monjita range map


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