Forest Elaenia (Myiopagis gaimardii)

Forest Elaenia

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Tyrannidae | [latin] Myiopagis gaimardii | [UK] Forest Elaenia | [FR] elenie de Gaimard | [DE] Waldelaenie | [ES] Bobito de la Selva | [IT] Elenia di foresta | [NL] Boselenia


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Myiopagis gaimardii LA Panama through Amazonia
Myiopagis gaimardii bogotensis
Myiopagis gaimardii gaimardii
Myiopagis gaimardii guianensis
Myiopagis gaimardii macilvainii
Myiopagis gaimardii subcinerea
Myiopagis gaimardii trinitatis

Physical charateristics

The adult Forest Elaenia is 12.7cm long and weighs 12.2g. The head has a blackish crown with a partly concealed white or pale yellow central stripe, a weak whitish supercilium and white eyering. The upperparts are olive-green, and the brown wings have yellow feather edging and two yellow wing bars. The throat is whitish and the breast is greenish-yellow shading to yellow on the belly. The long narrow bill is black above and pink-based below. Sexes are similar.

Listen to the sound of Forest Elaenia

[audio: Elaenia.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 12 cm size max.: 13 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  


It breeds from Panama through Colombia, Venezuela and the Guianas to Bolivia and Brazil. It also occurs on Trinidad.


This species is found in forests and the edges of mangrove swamps. It inhabits the canopies, edges of forests and capoeiras with trees.


The nest is a shallow cup of roots, bark and grass built in a tree. The typical clutch is two cream-coloured eggs marked with rufous and lavender.

Feeding habits

Forest Elaenias are seen alone or in pairs, perched inconspicously or catching insects and spiders in higher levels of the foliage. They also frequently eat berries. It searches for insects in foliage high above the ground and is difficult to observe. It often follows mixed-species flocks of insectivorous birds, sometimes also feeding on small fruits.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 8,700,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Forest Elaenia status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Forest Elaenia range map


Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *