Red-crested Finch (Coryphospingus cucullatus)

Red-crested Finch

[order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Thraupidae | [latin] Coryphospingus cucullatus | [UK] Red-crested Finch | [FR] Bruant rouge a huppe | [DE] Haubenfink | [ES] Granero Brasita de Fuego | [NL] Rode Kroongors


Monotypic species


Physical charateristics

The Red Crested Finch (a.k.a Red Pileated-Finch) measures 13.5 cm has a scarlet bushy crest on its head with black stripes along the sides. The plumage on the top is a dark vinous red turning crimson down the rump. The wings and tail are browner. The eyes have a narrow white ring and a brownish patch surrounding it. The females lack the red and black crown, are more brown in colour but still have the crimson rump and the narrow white, eye ring. The throat is whitish, below rosy pink.

Listen to the sound of Red-crested Finch

[audio: Finch.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 13 cm size max.: 14 cm
incubation min.: 11 days incubation max.: 13 days
fledging min.: 13 days fledging max.: 13 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


South America : Northeast, Southcentral, Westcentral


The Red Crested Finch is common to the locally abundant arid scrub, drier woodland and agricultural areas. Although widespread in semi-open and more arid parts of South America, it’s rarely seen near populated areas. During the non-breeding season, they gather in loose flocks often associating with other finches.


Red crested Finch young will fledge before they can fly and will be watched by both parents. The cock bird feeds the young after they leave the nest. They build a shallow cup shaped nest from plant matter, fiber and horsehair fastened to the fork of a branch with a sort of webbing between 3 and 12 m up. The female lays 2 white/buff coloured eggs with a wreath of brown or reddish brown spots at the larger end.

Feeding habits

They forage on the ground especially along the grassy borders and within tangles and inside woodland. Mainly frugivorous feasting on locally available fruit but will add insects and other invertebrates to their diet.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
The Red Crested Finch inhabits Guyana, northeast Brazil along the lower Amazon upriver, but is more widespread in the interior in the south. The territory stretches south and west through to Paraguay and Uruguay to north Argentina and east Bolivia. There is a small presence in the arid intermontane valleys in north Peru. Again, levels of habitation are usually below 1500 m with exception of the Andean valleys.
Red-crested Finch status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range

Distribution map

Red-crested Finch distribution range map

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