Blue Dacnis (Dacnis cayana)

Blue Dacnis

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Thraupidae | [latin] Dacnis cayana | [UK] Blue Dacnis | [FR] Dacnis bleu | [DE] Blaukopfpitpit | [ES] Mielero Azul | [IT] Dacne azzurra | [NL] Blauwe Pitpit


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Dacnis cayana LA Nicaragua to ne Argentina
Dacnis cayana baudoana
Dacnis cayana caerebicolor
Dacnis cayana callaina
Dacnis cayana cayana
Dacnis cayana glaucogularis
Dacnis cayana napaea
Dacnis cayana paraguayensis
Dacnis cayana ultramarina

Physical charateristics

The Blue Dacnis is 12.7 cm long and weighs 13 g. It has a relatively short bill compared to other honeycreepers. The adult male is turquoise blue with a black forehead, throat and back. The wings and tail are black, edged with turquoise. The female and immature are mainly green with a blue head, paler green underparts and green-edged brown wings.

Listen to the sound of Blue Dacnis

[audio: Dacnis.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 12 cm size max.: 13 cm
incubation min.: 13 days incubation max.: 14 days
fledging min.: 15 days fledging max.: 16 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 4  


It is found from Nicaragua to Panama, on Trinidad, and in South America south to Bolivia and northern Argentina.


It is common in the sunlit forest canopy, at forest edges, and in second growth forests


The bulky cup nest is built in a tree and the normal clutch is brown-blotched white two eggs. The female incubates the eggs and is fed by the male.

Feeding habits

It is usually found in pairs or as part of a mixed species flock high in the canopy. They feed on fruit and insects which they find on leaves. These are social birds which eat mainly insects gleaned from foliage, flowers or bromeliads. Fruit is often taken and usually swallowed whole, but nectar is rarely consumed.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 12,000,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘frequent’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Blue Dacnis status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range

Distribution map

Blue Dacnis range map


Title Ecological relationships between feather mites (Acari) and wild birds of
Emberizidae (Aves) in a fragment of Atlantic Forest in northeastern Brazil
Author(s): Rachel M. de Lyra-Neves Angela M. Isidro de Farias & Wallace R. Telino-Junior
Abstract: The objective of this study was to investigate fea..[more]..
Source: Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 20 (3): 481-485, 2003

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