Bay headed Tanager (Tangara gyrola)

Bay-headed Tanager

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Thraupidae | [latin] Tangara gyrola | [UK] Bay-headed Tanager | [FR] Calliste rouverdin | [DE] Gruntangare | [ES] Tangara Cabeza de Lacre | [IT] Tangara testabaia | [NL] Okerkap-tangare


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Tangara gyrola LA Costa Rica through n, w Amazonia
Tangara gyrola albertinae
Tangara gyrola bangsi
Tangara gyrola catharinae
Tangara gyrola deleticia
Tangara gyrola gyrola
Tangara gyrola nupera
Tangara gyrola parva
Tangara gyrola toddi
Tangara gyrola viridissima

Physical charateristics

Adult Bay-headed Tanagers are 14 cm, it is mainly green apart from a chestnut head, a blue belly, and a thin gold collar on the hind neck. Sexes are similar, but immatures are duller with chestnut-flecked green heads.

Listen to the sound of Bay-headed Tanager

[audio: Tanager.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 13 cm size max.: 14 cm
incubation min.: 13 days incubation max.: 14 days
fledging min.: 15 days fledging max.: 16 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


This tanager is a resident breeder in Costa Rica, Panama, South America south to Ecuador, Bolivia and southern Brazil, and on Trinidad.


It is mostly found high up in trees in the forest, especially on hills, in the canopy and along the edges of forests, as well as in adjacent clearings with large trees.


The bulky cup nest is built in a tree and the normal clutch is two brown-blotched white eggs. The female incubates the eggs for 13-14 days to hatching, with another 15-16 days before the chicks fledge. .

Feeding habits

Found It lives in pairs or small family groups, frequently associating with flocks containing other species in its family. It feeds on fruit and small insects, which it catches close to the foliage. These are social birds which eat mainly fruit, usually swallowed whole. Insects are also taken, mainly from the underside of branches.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 4,000,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘frequent’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Bay-headed Tanager status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range

Distribution map

Bay-headed Tanager range map


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