Barbados Bullfinch (Loxigilla barbadensis)

Barbados Bullfinch

[order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Thraupidae | [latin] Loxigilla barbadensis | [UK] Barbados Bullfinch | [FR] | [DE] | [ES] | [NL]


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Euneornis barbadensis
Loxigilla barbadensis NA Barbados

Physical charateristics

Unlike its congeners, the Barbados Bullfinch lacks a black and rufous male plumage; instead the males are dull and pale brownish like the females. This monomorphic plumage is one of the prime reasons species status was given to this form.

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 14 cm size max.: 15 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


North America : Endemic to Barbados


On Barbados it is widespread and can be found in practically any area that either has trees, or tall shrubbery, including hotel grounds, urban areas and agricultural sites.


Barbados Bullfinches construct a globular nest, with a side entrance, in a tree or shrub. The species lays two to three spotted eggs.

Feeding habits

It is not uncommon to see this endemic species foraging on beaches, and picking up crumbs and other edible bits left by vacationers on this tropical island.


Although this species may have a small range, it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
The Barbados Bullfinch has only recently been separated as a species different from the Lesser Antillean Bullfinch (Loxigilla noctis), and this change in taxonomy makes it the only bird species endemic to Barbados.
Barbados Bullfinch status Least Concern



Distribution map

Barbados Bullfinch distribution range map

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