Black-headed Antbird (Percnostola rufifrons)

Black-headed Antbird

Black-headed Antbird (Percnostola rufifrons)

[order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Thamnophilidae | [latin] Percnostola rufifrons | [UK] Black-headed Antbird | [FR] Fourmilier a front roux | [DE] Mohrenkopf-Ameisenvogel | [ES] Hormiguero Cabecinegro | [NL] Roetkopmiervogel


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Percnostola rufifrons SA ne, nc Amazonia
Percnostola rufifrons jensoni
Percnostola rufifrons minor
Percnostola rufifrons rufifrons
Percnostola rufifrons subcristata

Physical charateristics

The male is dark brown and has grey with black on its head and on its chin and some white fringes on its shoulders. The upperbreast and chin are dull black. The female is above alike the male but the white wing spots are larger and buff. The throat is white, the underparts chestnut overall.

Listen to the sound of Black-headed Antbird

[audio: Antbird.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 13 cm size max.: 16 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  


South America : Northeast, Northcentral Amazonia


Its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and lowland and foothill of evergreen forest.. Prefers humid forests and secondary woodland often on sandy soil. Also savannah forest in Suriname and mature mangrove stands. In forest often encountered near or in densely vegetated light gaps.


Nest is a leafy ball with a side entrance, built a few centimeters above ground in fallen limbs of open understorey. Sometimes builds a small hut with a neat doom, nest lined with leaves. Clutch size is 2 eggs, incubated by both sexes with the female only at night. In post fledging each parent takes care of one young. After leaving the nest the young are fed for appr. more 50 days.

Feeding habits

Feeds on several insect species and sometimes small reptiles, mostly 0-2 meter above ground. Forages within family groups, hardly ever seen combined with other species except when following amry-ants swarms. Progresses with small hops, stopping, checking for prey, Using sallying, perching and gleaning techniques.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Black-headed Antbird status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Black-headed Antbird distribution range map

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