Long billed Gnatwren (Ramphocaenus melanurus)

Long-billed Gnatwren

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Polioptilidae | [latin] Ramphocaenus melanurus | [UK] Long-billed Gnatwren | [FR] Microbate a long bec | [DE] Schwarzschwanz-Degenschnabler | [ES] Salton Picudo | [IT] Zanzariere beccolungo | [NL] Zwartstaart-muggensluiper


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Ramphocaenus melanurus LA se Mexico through Amazonia
Polioptila melanurus
Ramphocaenus melanurus albiventris
Ramphocaenus melanurus amazonum
Ramphocaenus melanurus ardeleo
Ramphocaenus melanurus austerus
Ramphocaenus melanurus badius
Ramphocaenus melanurus duidae
Ramphocaenus melanurus griseodorsalis
Ramphocaenus melanurus melanurus
Ramphocaenus melanurus obscurus
Ramphocaenus melanurus pallidus
Ramphocaenus melanurus panamensis
Ramphocaenus melanurus rufiventris
Ramphocaenus melanurus sanctaemarthae
Ramphocaenus melanurus sticturus
Ramphocaenus melanurus trinitatis

Physical charateristics

Adult Long-billed Gnatwrens are 10.9cm long and weigh 10.3g. They have a long thin bill and a short cocked tail. The upperparts are grey-brown, with rufous on the sides of the head. The throat is white, shading to buff on the rest of the underparts. The tail is black with white tips to all but the central feathers, and is frequently wagged.

Listen to the sound of Long-billed Gnatwren

[audio:http://www.aviflevoland.nl/sounddb/L/Long-billed Gnatwren.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 10 cm size max.: 11 cm
incubation min.: 16 days incubation max.: 17 days
fledging min.: 11 days fledging max.: 12 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 1  
      eggs max.: 3  


It is found in the undergrowth and vines of dry forest and secondary woodland from Mexico south to Peru and Brazil, and on Trinidad.


This bird inhabits rain forests and capoeiras, living alone, in pairs, or in small groups. Since they prefer the thickest brush in the forest, Long-billed Gnatwrens


Long-billed Gnatwrens build a deep cup nest very low in a small plant or sapling. The two white eggs are incuated by both parents for 16-17 days to hatching, with a further 11-12 days to fledging.

Feeding habits

Long-billed Gnatwrens forage actively in vegetation, eating mainly insects, insect eggs and spiders.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 9,200,000 km

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