Abd al-Kuri Sparrow (Passer hemileucus)

Abd al-Kuri Sparrow

[order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Passeridae | [latin] Passer hemileucus | [UK] Abd al-Kuri Sparrow | [FR] Moineau de Socotra | [DE] Socotrasperling | [ES] Gorrion de Socotora | [NL] Socotramus


Monotypic species

Physical charateristics

Male is chestnut with grey upperparts, streaked on back, chestnut supercilium curving down behind ear-coverts, and blackish stripe curving around rear of ear-coverts. Upperwing is blackish to dark brown, feathers edged buffish to warm brown, lesser coverts chestnut, grey tips on median coverts, narrow buff tips on greater coverts, and small pale patch at base of primaries. Female is slightly smaller, with pale brown or warm buff colouring replacing chestnut colouring on the male.

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 13 cm size max.: 14 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 2   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 5  


Africa : Abd al-Kuri Island, West of Socotra. Passer hemileucus is found on the island of Abd al Kuri, Socotra Archipelago, Yemen


flock of roughly 100 birds were sighted scavenging amongst refuse. Individuals are thought to roost in vegetation in the foothills of limestone mountains


Breeding season from November to April. Usually two broods. Breeds in colonies of up to ten pairs. The nest is an untidy construction made out of dead grass and placed in a hole in a cliff, a house or tree, also openly in branches of a thorny tree. Lays 3 eggs.

Feeding habits

The diet is thought to include the seeds of grasses and small plants, and water is obtained almost totally from its diet


This newly-split species is classified as Vulnerable as it is estimated to have a small population which is known from very few locations. If its population is judged to be smaller or declining the species may be uplisted in the future.
Abd al-Kuri Sparrow status Vulnerable


Resident throughout range.

Distribution map

Abd al-Kuri Sparrow distribution range map

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