Scotts Oriole (Icterus parisorum)

Scotts Oriole

[order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Icteridae | [latin] Icterus parisorum | [UK] Scotts Oriole | [FR] Oriole jaune verdatre | [DE] Scott-Trupial | [ES] Bolsero tunero | [NL] Scotts Troepiaal


Monotypic species

Physical charateristics

Male: Solid black head and back and lemon yellow pattern distinguish it. Female: More greenish yellow beneath than most other females (except Orchard Oriole).
b Immature male: Throat black; similar to other young male orioles, but more black on face.

Listen to the sound of Scotts Oriole

[audio: Oriole.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 29 cm wingspan max.: 32 cm
size min.: 22 cm size max.: 24 cm
incubation min.: 12 days incubation max.: 14 days
fledging min.: 9 days fledging max.: 15 days
broods: 2   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 5  


North America, Middle America : Southcentral USA, Mexico


Dry woods and scrub in desert mountains, yuccas, Joshua-trees, pinyons.
Breeds in semi-arid zones of Southwest in oak zones of lower canyons, open woods of juniper and pinyon pine, stands of Joshua-trees, grassland with many yuccas, palm oases. Avoids true desert.


Males arrive on breeding grounds a few days before females, and sing frequently to establish nesting territory.
Nest: Often placed in yucca or in Joshua-tree (a tall, branched type of yucca). Also may be in palm or in tree such as sycamore, oak, or pine. Usually 4-
20′ above ground. Nest in tree may be hidden in clump of mistletoe. Nest (probably built by female) is a hanging basket, suspended by its edges, not as deep as the nests of some orioles; woven of grasses, yucca fibers, other plant fibers, li
ned with fine grass, hair, and plant down.
Eggs: 2-4, usually 3. Pale bluish white, with dots and lines of brown, gray, and black concentrated at larger end. Incubation is by female, 12-14 days.
Young: Both parents feed nestlings. Young leave the nest about 2 weeks after hatching. 1 or 2 broods per year.

Feeding habits

Mostly insects, some berries and nectar.
Feeds on a wide variety of insects, including grasshoppers, beetles, caterpillars, and many others. Also eats berries and fruit, including cactus fruit; may feed on cultivated fruit at times. Also feeds on nectar, and will take sugar-water from feeders.

Behavior: Forages rather slowly and quietly in treetops, clambering along branches as it searches for insects. Regularly visits flowers, probing deeply in the blossoms for nectar.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be increasing, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size is extremely large, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Scotts Oriole status Least Concern


Southwestern United States, northern Mexico.
b Migration: Migrates rather early in both spring and fall, arriving on nesting grounds in March or April, mostly departing in July and August. Small numbers winter in southern Arizona and California.

Distribution map

Scotts Oriole distribution range map

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