Red rumped Cacique (Cacicus haemorrhous)

Red-rumped Cacique

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Icteridae | [latin] Cacicus haemorrhous | [UK] Red-rumped Cacique | [FR] Cassique cul-rouge | [DE] Rotburzelkassike | [ES] Arrendajo de Lomo Rojo | [IT] Cacico dal groppone rosso | [NL] Roodstuit-buidelspreeuw


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Cacicus haemorrhous SA Colombia to e Brazil and n Argentina
Cacicus haemorrhous affinis
Cacicus haemorrhous haemorrhous
Cacicus haemorrhous pachyrhynchus

Physical charateristics

These slim birds with long tails have glossy black upperparts with distinct red shoulder patches. Adult birds have sky blue irises while younger birds have darker eyes. The pointed bill is pale yellow. Females are clearly smaller.

Listen to the sound of Red-rumped Cacique

[audio: Cacique.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

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The Red-rumped Cacique’s natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests, subtropical or tropical swamps, and heavily degraded former forest. It is a species of the Amazon Basin and the Guyanas in northern South America, and is only coastal there in the Guyanas and the Amazon River outlet to the Atlantic; a separate large disjunct range exists in all of southeastern and coastal Brazil, including Paraguay, and parts of northeastern Argentina. It is also found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. The Red-rumped Cacique is distributed throughout most of the Amazon and Orinoco Basins and into the Guianas. There is a disjunct population in eastern Brazil, Paraguay and adjacent Argentina.


It is found in a variety of habitats but is more of a forest bird than Yellow-rumped Cacique Cacicus cela. It is common in canopies and forest edges, river banks and clearing


It is a species that breeds in colonies, weaving nests in a bag form, suspended from the extremity of branches from tall and smooth trunk trees in the middle of the forest and forest edges or on branches over water. It can occur in mixed colonies, associated with Crested oropendola or yellow-rumped cacique. They nest colonially but not necessarily close to wasp nests as is the case with Yellow-rumped Cacique. Compared with these, the nests of the Red-rumped Cacique are shorter and bulkier.

Feeding habits

It generally lives in groups and is seen regularly along the edges of several forest habitats.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 8,100,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Red-rumped Cacique status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Red-rumped Cacique range map


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