Puerto Rican Oriole (Icterus portoricensis)

Puerto Rican Oriole

[order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Icteridae | [latin] Icterus portoricensis | [UK] Puerto Rican Oriole | [FR] Oriole de Porto Rico | [DE] Puerto Ricotrupial | [ES] Bosero de Puerto Rico | [NL]


Monotypic species

Physical charateristics

Recently afforded species status from the other members of the former Greater Antillean Oriole superspecies, adult Puerto Rican Orioles are mainly black with a yellow shoulder patch, rump, and undertail coverts; their plumage broadly echoes that of the other members of the complex, but differs subtly in this respect, as well as in biometrics, behavior, and vocalizations

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 24 cm size max.: 26 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
      eggs max.: 0  


North America : Puerto Rico


The Puerto Rican Oriole occurs in forests of all types across the island, as well as in gardens, mangroves, and other wooded areas.


Nest parasitism by Shiny Cowbirds (Molothrus bonariensis) threatens the Puerto Rican Oriole, as it does some of the other orioles of this complex. No further data.

Feeding habits

Its diet includes both insects and fruit, and the species has the capacity to prize open bromeliads and curled leaves, using the unusually strong muscles at the bill base, to search for prey within


This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 16,000,000 km2. It has a large global population estimated to be 320,000,000 individuals (Rich et al. 2003). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.



Distribution map

Puerto Rican Oriole distribution range map

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