Green Oropendola (Psarocolius viridis)

Green Oropendola

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Icteridae | [latin] Psarocolius viridis | [UK] Green Oropendola | [FR] Cassique vert | [DE] Grunschopf-Stirnvogel | [ES] Conoto Verde | [IT] Oropendola verde | [NL] Groene Oropendola


Monotypic species

Physical charateristics

It is a bright olive-yellow with belly, rump and undertail coverts maroon chestnut. The tail is bright yellow with a blackish central pair of feathers. The bill is pale greenish-yellow with an orange-red tip. The eye is pale blue. In flight it has deep, flexible wing beats

Listen to the sound of Green Oropendola

[audio: Oropendola.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 36 cm size max.: 38 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
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broods: 0   eggs min.: 0  
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It is found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. The Green Oropendola is distributed in the Amazon Basin as far south as northern Mato Grosso.


Favors tall humid undisturbed forest and in Sruiname also the Savannah. It is more of a forest-based bird than other oropendolas and is found in the canopy and borders of terra firme forest.


Builds nest colonies in hanging nests, a pouch, built at the tip of a branch. The colonies vary from 5-30 nests.

Feeding habits

It lives in large and very noisy flocks and can be easily seen, sometimes in flocks with dozens of birds. Likes foraging in the canopy for insects, fruit and berries.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global Extent of Occurrence of 5,000,000 km². The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e. declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Green Oropendola status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Green Oropendola range map


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