Ruddy Spinetail (Synallaxis rutilans)

Ruddy Spinetail

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Furnariidae | [latin] Synallaxis rutilans | [UK] Ruddy Spinetail | [FR] Synallaxe ardent | [DE] Schwarzkehl-Dickichtschlupfer | [ES] Pijui Rojizo | [IT] Codaspinosa rosso | [NL] Rode Stekelstaart


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Synallaxis rutilans SA Amazonia
Synallaxis rutilans amazonica
Synallaxis rutilans caquetensis
Synallaxis rutilans confinis
Synallaxis rutilans dissors
Synallaxis rutilans omissa
Synallaxis rutilans rutilans
Synallaxis rutilans tertia

Physical charateristics

Crown and mantle olive brown, wings and tail black. Forehead and sides of head rufous chestnut. Black throat patch and abdomen olive grey. The sexes ae alike and the bill is black.

Listen to the sound of Ruddy Spinetail

[audio: Spinetail.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 13 cm size max.: 14 cm
incubation min.: 0 days incubation max.: 0 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 4  


Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Peru, Venezuela and the Guianas. In Suriname common in the sand ridge forests of the coastal plane and the interior.


Prefers subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests or undergrowth of tropical forest in or nearby treefall gaps.


Nest is a globe shaped mass made of sticks with a sideways entrance. Clutch size is 3-4 eggs. No further data.

Feeding habits

Diet consists of a variety of larger insects like spiders, caterpillars, cicades and anthropods. Usually hunts in pairs, gleaning the insects 1-2 meter above ground from dense foliage.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 5,900,000 km2. The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘frequent’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Ruddy Spinetail status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Ruddy Spinetail range map


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