Plain crowned Spinetail (Synallaxis gujanensis)

Plain-crowned Spinetail

[order] Passeriformes | [family] Furnariidae | [latin] Synallaxis gujanensis | [UK] Plain-crowned Spinetail | [FR] Synnalaxe de Cayenne | [DE] Braunkappen-Dickichtschlupfer | [ES] Pijui Coronipardo | [IT] Codaspinosa della Gujana | [NL] Cayenne Stekelstaart


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Synallaxis gujanensis SA Amazonia
Synallaxis gujanensis canipileus
Synallaxis gujanensis certhiola
Synallaxis gujanensis columbiana
Synallaxis gujanensis gujanensis
Synallaxis gujanensis huallagae
Synallaxis gujanensis inornata

Physical charateristics

Crown greyish becoming more brown on back, lores dirty white. Wings and tail cinnamon-rufous, Throat whitish, underparts buffy white with darker sides. Sexes are alike. Upper mandible black, lower mandible blue grey.

Listen to the sound of Plain-crowned Spinetail

[audio: Spinetail.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 15 cm size max.: 17 cm
incubation min.: 17 days incubation max.: 19 days
fledging min.: 0 days fledging max.: 0 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 2  
      eggs max.: 3  


Found in Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela. In Suriname common in wet wasteland and shrubbery in the coastal plane and interior


Mostly riverside forest, and dense undergrowth vegetation in tall forest on river islands.


This species is presumed monogamous. Nest is a globe shaped mass made of sticks with a sideways entrance placed 1-2 meter above ground, build in low dense vegetation. The nest is built in about 28 days by both sexes. Building material includes waste reptile skin and other soft material. Clutch size is 2-3 eggs incubated by both sexes for about 18 days. Hatchlings are fed by both parents. This spinetail is often parasitized by the striped cuckoo.

Feeding habits

Gleans anthropods from foliage in understorey at 1-2 meter height. usually seen foraging in pairs, also descends to ground.


This species has a large range, with an estimated global extent of occurrence of 4,500,000 km2. The global population size has not been quantified, but it is believed to be large as the species is described as ‘common’ in at least parts of its range (Stotz et al. 1996). Global population trends have not been quantified, but the species is not believed to approach the thresholds for the population decline criterion of the IUCN Red List (i.e., declining more than 30% in ten years or three generations). For these reasons, the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Plain-crowned Spinetail status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range.

Distribution map

Plain-crowned Spinetail range map


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