Violaceous Euphonia (Euphonia violacea)

Violaceous Euphonia

[order] PASSERIFORMES | [family] Fringillidae | [latin] Euphonia violacea | [UK] Violaceous Euphonia | [FR] Euphone violette | [DE] Veilchenorganist | [ES] Fruterito Violaceo | [NL] Violette Organist


Genus Species subspecies Breeding Range Breeding Range 2 Non Breeding Range
Euphonia violacea SA n, sc
Euphonia violacea aurantiicollis
Euphonia violacea rodwayi
Euphonia violacea violacea

Physical charateristics

The male of the violaceous euphonia (length 9 cm) is beautifully colored: upper side blue-black with yellow underparts and a yellow forehead. The female is inconspiciously colored green. The male has the curious habit of imitating the vocalizations of a great variety of birds, such as hawks, parrots, toucans and crows.

Listen to the sound of Violaceous Euphonia

[audio: Euphonia.mp3]

Copyright remark: Most sounds derived from xeno-canto

wingspan min.: 0 cm wingspan max.: 0 cm
size min.: 12 cm size max.: 13 cm
incubation min.: 13 days incubation max.: 14 days
fledging min.: 24 days fledging max.: 14 days
broods: 1   eggs min.: 3  
      eggs max.: 4  


South America : North, Southcentral


It inhabits forest borders, gallery forest and clearings. It occurs in forests, second growth and plantations of cocoa and citrus fruit.


The nest is a ball of dead leaves, roots and mosses with a side entrance. The female lays three or four eggs and broods alone. The female incubates the eggs alone for a period of approximately 13 to 14 days. After which both the male and the female participate in feeding the nestlings. The nestlings’ mouth is bright red and it thought to stimulate the regurgitation by the parents. Fledging occurs after about 24 days.

Feeding habits

Forages in underside of crown in upper third of tree. Moves frequently and examines fruits carefully before selecting one. Often assumes acrobatic postures when feeding. When a fruit is plucked, the bill usually penetrates the pulp giving the impression that the bird has stabbed the fruit. May take bites from the fruit as it rests on the perch or roll it against the branch. Sometimes also rolls it in the bill cutting the pulp, with wads piling up on top of the bill. Family groups, including recently fledged young, observed feeding in Allophyllus trees.


This species has an extremely large range, and hence does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the range size criterion (Extent of Occurrence <20,000 km2 combined with a declining or fluctuating range size, habitat extent/quality, or population size and a small number of locations or severe fragmentation). The population trend appears to be stable, and hence the species does not approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population trend criterion (>30% decline over ten years or three generations). The population size has not been quantified, but it is not believed to approach the thresholds for Vulnerable under the population size criterion (<10,000 mature individuals with a continuing decline estimated to be >10% in ten years or three generations, or with a specified population structure). For these reasons the species is evaluated as Least Concern.
Violaceous Euphonia status Least Concern


Sedentary throughout range

Distribution map

Violaceous Euphonia distribution range map


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